Sepals 5 or 6, passing gradually from bracteoles into petals, the latter slightly cohering at the base. Stamens many. Capsule woody, 3- to 5-eelled; cells usually 1-seeded; seeds exal-buminous. The Camellias are usually treated as greenhouse plants, but as the common single one succeeds very well in the south-western counties with slight protection, it is included here.

1. C, Japonica. - It is unnecessary to particularise varieties here or introduce a detailed description. As an out-door shrub some of the original varieties grow well in sheltered situations and produce their flowers very freely after a mild winter.

The Tea-tree {Thea Chinensis), referred to this genus, is grown by some amateurs more on account of the interest attached to it than for ornament.

Stachyurus proecox and Actinidia polygama, syn. Trocho-stigma, are members of this family, the former from Japan and the latter from Eastern Siberia. Neither of them is at all common in gardens. The latter is of climbing habit, bearing cordate serrate petiolate leaves and white fragrant flowers appearing in Summer, and followed by edible berries. The former has small greenish-yellow pendent racemose flowers, in Spring preceding the leaves.