This section is from the book "Handbook Of Hardy Trees, Shrubs, And Herbaceous Plants", by W. Botting Hemsley. Also available from Amazon: Handbook of hardy trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants.
Small trees with large lobed or entire hispid lea\es and fertile and sterile flowers in separate spikes. Perianth quadripartite. Stamens 4. Compound fruit formed of the 1-seeded achenes covered by the fleshy persistent perianth. A genus of few Asiatic and North American species. The name is from the Greek appellation of M. nigra, the Mulberry. This is supposed to be a native of Western Asia, and is the handsomest, hardiest, and most useful of the genus for planting in this country. M. alba, a native of China, is the species so extensively cultivated in the South of Europe for supplying food for silkworms, but it is too tender to withstand the severity of our winters. M. rubra is a North American species of rather larger stature than the preceding, occasionally attaining a height of 70 or 80 feet.
Broussonetia papyrifera, the Paper Mulberry, is a native of China and Japan. It is a deciduous' tree closely resembling the Common Mulberry, but readily distinguished, as it is dioecious, and the male flowers are in longer drooping catkins. The foliage is variable, according to the age and variety.
Madura aurantiaca, Osage Orange or Bow-wood, is a large deciduous tree in its native country, but is commonly grown as a bush for forming hedges, for which it is well adapted, being armed with stout spines. The flowers are inconspicuous, but the fruit is from 3 to 5 inches in diameter, and of a bright golden yellow.