This section is from the book "Handbook Of Hardy Trees, Shrubs, And Herbaceous Plants", by W. Botting Hemsley. Also available from Amazon: Handbook of hardy trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants.
Plants of fine foliage and insignificant flowers produced close to the ground, and remarkable for the curious Mushroom-like stigma. Name from a little shield, in allusion to this character, which is common to a small tribe of this family. Natives of Japan and China. A. elatior variegata is a stemless handsome plant with large oblong leaves on long petioles, alternately striped green and white, reaching a height of two or three feet. A. lurida and A. punctata are closely allied species.
Paris quadrifolia is a closely allied native plant with one whorl of oblong leaves and solitary terminal yellow and green flowers.