Fibrous-rooted glabrous perennials with oblong-spathu-late leaves and naked umbellate scapes of flowers. Calyx deeply 5-cleft, lobes reflexed. Corolla - lobes long, narrow, reflexed. Stamens with short filaments and large conspicuous exserted anthers, forming a slender cone. Capsule 5-valved. This genus appears to be limited to North America, and consists of three or four species only. Name from 4 Dodecatheon 365 twelve, and OEol, gods, of fanciful application.

1. D. Meadia (fig. 204). American Cowslip. Shooting Star. - A very handsome plant with wavy toothed leaves and rosy purple, white or lilac corollas, and yellow anthers, flowering in Spring.

Fig. 204. Dodecatheon Meadia. (1/4 nat. size.)

Fig. 204. Dodecatheon Meadia. (1/4 nat. size.)

D. integrifolium is a much dwarfer species, having entire leaves and rather larger showy lilac-purple or crimson flowers; and D. Jeffreyanum, of recent introduction, is distinguished by-its greater stature, fleshy midribs of its very large leaves, and by the tetramerous not pentamerous flowers.

Soldanella alplna is an elegant diminutive mountain plant about 2 or 3 inches high with small petiolate rotundate cordate crenate glandular leaves, and 2- or 3-flowered bracteolate scapes. Corolla blue or lilac, campanulate, limb finely fringed, capsule splitting transversely. S. montana is a somewhat larger hairy plant; and S. minima and S. pusilla have one-flowered scapes, and more regular less deeply fringed corollas.