This section is from the book "Handbook Of Hardy Trees, Shrubs, And Herbaceous Plants", by W. Botting Hemsley. Also available from Amazon: Handbook of hardy trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants.
A genus closely allied to the last, differing chiefly in having more than three styles, usually five, more rarely four, and larger flowers. About thirty species, all natives of the northern temperate zone. From a lamp or light, in allusion to the bright-coloured flowers of some species.
1. L. coronaria (fig. 49). - A tall biennial or perennial with thick woolly leaves and large flowers on long peduncles. The flowers are rose or purplish crimson, more rarely white; but the double purple is the handsomest variety. A native of the South of Europe, flowering in Autumn.
3. L. Githago. Corn Cockle. - Distinguished from the other species of this section by the calyx-lobes being much longer than the petals. This is a frequent plant in corn-fields, espe-cially where foreign seed has been sown. We merely mention it here on account of its being one of our showiest wild flowers.
§ 2. Eulychnis. Petals with an appendage at the base of the blade.
4. L. Chalcedonica (fig. 50). - This is the most familiar of the tribe, and a common occupant of our gardens, growing 3 feet or more high, and bearing dense clusters of brilliant scarlet flowers. There are rose and white and double varieties. A native of Russia; of perennial duration.
Fig. 49. Lychnis coronaria. (1/4 nat size.)
Fig. 50. Lychnis Chalcedonica. (1/4 nat. size.)
5. L. fulgens. - A Siberian species from 1 to 2 feet high, with hairy stems and foliage, and relatively large bright scarlet flowers. This is a superb plant, and the varieties known under the name of L. Haageana are supposed to have sprung from a cross between this and the next. There are salmon, orange, red, scarlet, and white varieties.
6. L. Sieboldi. - A Japanese species with immense creamy-white flowers.
7. L. grandifldra. - A large red-flowered species. A native of China. A handsome plant, rarely seen in gardens now.
8. L. Flos-cuculi. Ragged Robin. - This common wild flower, with deeply 4-lobed deep rose-coloured petals, has produced a double variety which makes a handsome border plant. The flowers are occasionally seen white.
9. L. Viscaria. - A dwarf species, and one of the older inhabitants of gardens. Stems clammy at the nodes, generally less than a foot high. Leaves narrow, lanceolate, on short petioles. Cymes few-flowered; flowers purple or red, nearly sessile. There is a handsome double variety. A native of Europe, including North Britain, and Siberia.
10. L. alplna. - Another indigenous species. It is a mountain plant, growing in tufts about 6 inches high, and quite glabrous. Leaves crowded, linear-lanceolate. Flowers in dense heads, rose-coloured, six lines in diameter, on short peduncles with reddish bracts.
L. diurna, Red Campion, and L. vespertina, White Campion, are showy hedgerow plants.