This section is from the book "Handbook Of Hardy Trees, Shrubs, And Herbaceous Plants", by W. Botting Hemsley. Also available from Amazon: Handbook of hardy trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants.
Deca, in compounds, signifies ten.
Falling off, as the leaves of a large class of trees and shrubs in autumn, or the sepals and petals of most flowers after expansion.
Having many divisions.
Applied to plants with trailing barren and ascending flower stems.
Continued downwards, as the blade of the leaves of some plants,forming a wing-like appendage to the stem.
Applied to leaves arranged in alternating pairs,forming four lines.
The bursting or splitting of the seed-vessel.
Toothed, having triangular teeth. Dentate - crenate, having rounded, pointed teeth. Dentate-serrate,having tapering sharp-pointed teeth projecting or curved towards the tip of a leaf like the teeth of a saw.
Di, in compounds, signifies two.
Stamens in two bundles or fascicles.
Having both calyx and corolla.
Unisexual, stamens and pistils in different flowers.
Having two seed-leaves.
Having four stamens, two shorter than the others.
Divided into distinct lobes in a radiate manner, as the leaves of Lupinus polyphyllus and Horse-Chestnut.
The two halves of an organ very unequal in size.
Bearing the sexes on different individuals.
Applied to leaves differing in the colour of the upper and lower surfaces, or with an admixture of any other colour and green.
Applied to the organ or organs between the stamens and ovary, usually consisting of scales or a fleshy ring,
Deeply divided into many narrow lobes.
The partitions of an ovary or fruit.
Arranged in two opposite rows.
Appertaining to the back.
A fleshy fruit having a hard putamen or endocarp, as the Cherry.
The heartwood or centre of Exogenous trees, and the outer part of the stem of Endogens.