The plan represents the conception of the designer committed to paper in a specific and comprehensive manner.
Any development, to be worth while, should be studied in the plan before attempting to execute the work on the ground.
In landscape work it is usually advisable to have two general plans - the grading plan and the planting plan.
The grading plan is the essential beginning of the landscape design; the foundation on which the picture we desire to create will be realized. It shows the location and arrangement of all the practical and utilitarian features. It provides for the walks and drives and gives the established grades for the same. It shows in a concrete form the scheme devised for the grading and lawn making, the proper preparation of all portions on which turf is wanted. The gardens are located, grades established, enclosures and architectural features, such as fountains and pools, provided for. Questions of drainage are carefully considered and taken care of; also the water supply for lawns, gardens, fountains and pools. In fact, all the physical features are provided for and specified so that estimates for the whole or for any part of the work may easily be secured.
IN ITS FIRST STAGE OF LANDSCAPE DEVELOPMENT.
Fig. 5. - This residence is on a lot about 200 x 200 feet. is completed and some little stock has been placed in accordance with a preconceived plan. - See page 10.
A STUDY IN HARMONY.
Fig. 6. - Well arranged, artistic properties are an uplift to the community. The building is the same as that shown on page 16. - See page 10.
To prepare a grading plan there must first be a simple survey of the property. The map of the survey should show the property lines and existing features, such as large trees, buildings, roads, if any, all in their true relative dimensions and positions.
In connection with this survey levels should be taken showing the existing contours at intervals of from one to five feet, according to the slope of the ground. Also elevations at the base of trees and in the vicinity of buildings, the sidewalk elevation, and the crown of the highway.
I will not go very deeply into the technicalities of making a survey or of running levels. On small properties anyone with a knowledge of simple engineering can get all the data necessary; on larger estates a topographical survey is necessary.
The planting plan represents the horticultural and esthetic part of the design. It shows the selection and distribution of the trees and plants, each having a definite purpose and a direct bearing on the whole general scheme. In the making of such a plan all the questions that the reader will find taken up and considered in the chapters on Tree and Shrub Planting, Flower Gardens, etc., are important, and their application is shown in Chapter XI (Planting Plans And Keys Thereto), where many concrete examples will be found.