When it is desired to move a large tree from one portion of the estate to another, the specimen should be root pruned at least one year in advance of the transplanting. This is accomplished by digging a trench about twelve inches wide, five or six feet away from the trunk, or a distance proportionate with the size of the tree, and filling the trench with soil and well-rotted manure to induce an added growth of small fibrous roots.
When moving large trees the head should be reduced somewhat to balance the loss in roots.
Much of the beauty in plant life is in the healthy, vigorous growth, enabling the tree or shrub to put forth its best effort in pleasing foliage and abundant bloom and fruit. Continual and systematic attention should be given to the proper nourishing, watering and pruning of all trees and plants. The majority of our plants are existing under more or less unfavorable conditions and need this attention.
If plants are kept in a healthy, vigorous condition the susceptibility to insect, fungus, and scale attacks will be reduced to a minimum..
Trees planted in the lawn should have the sod removed from about them occasionally and a feeding of hardwood ashes, humus or well rotted manure applied. Such applications should extend to the area of the spread of the branches and not be confined to a very limited area immediately around the trunk.
When trees are kept mulched the mulching should be loosened occasionally to insure a free circulation of air.
All dead branches should be removed from trees, and all interfering limbs. This should be attended to at regular intervals. Neglect of proper pruning often causes irreparable damage to trees through heavy winds or ice storms.
All flowering shrubs should be properly and systematically pruned to insure an abundance of flower and fruit. Do not cut shrubs back during the Winter regardless of the variety or blooming season. Spring blooming shrubs, which of a necessity must form flowering wood the season previous, should be pruned just after they have flowered. Lilacs, Golden Bell, Japanese Quince and similar Spring blooming shrubs are in this class. The pruning should not be too severe, simply enough to keep the plants in shape and to allow sunlight and air to all parts. The Fall flowering shrubs, such as the Rose of Sharon and Hydrangeas, bloom on wood made during the immediate Summer. Such shrubs should have a vigorous Winter, or early Spring pruning.
LARGE TREES RECENTLY TRANSPLANTED.
Fig. 112. - Showing immediate effect secured by using large trees. The Wier's Maple and the Elm were very recently transplanted. - See page 119.
Insect pests attacking trees and shrubs are mostly of two kinds: those that injure by eating the foliage, such as the Elm Leaf Beetle, and those that injure by sucking, such as the various scales and plant lice.
For the leaf chewing insects a spraying with some poisonous substance that will readily adhere to the leaves is most effective. Paris green and arsenate of lead are recommended. These substances may be purchased in commercial form, prepared for such use, and accompanied by full instructions for proper application.
For scales and plant lice some remedy that kills by contact must be applied. Kerosene and soap emulsions are the best.
A wide band of burlap tacked around the tree with an overlap is very useful in arresting the progress of caterpillars. Such overlaps should be turned frequently and the caterpillars destroyed.