Bulbs should have a more intimate place in the garden than is customary (Fig. 133). Not in straight rows, but planted in clumps along the edges of the beds.


Regardless of the care exercised in the selection and placing of the plants, the garden will not be altogether a success without the introduction of annuals (Fig. 134). Among the annuals are some of the most showy and useful plants that we have and they can be raised at a very small cost.

Annuals are familiar to all and it is only necessary to say that the dull spots and bare spaces in the garden may be brightened if a little forethought is given each Spring to the raising of some Pansies, Snapdragons, Asters, Larkspurs, Zinnias, and other easily transplanted kinds.

The time to sow annuals is in the months of April and May. The directions printed on the package as to the seeding, soil, watering and care should be followed closely.

For the time and expense required nothing will return so large a dividend in wealth of color and general satisfaction as the use of annuals.

Hardy Shrubs

Hardy shrubs, too, have a place in the flower garden. Where the breadth is sufficient to allow unhampered development, these plants will give more character to the garden and afford a background for the flowers. Their use is appreciated in breaking up broad views and establishing vistas to distant and interesting points. The Deutzias, Philadelphus coronarius, Kerria japonica, Viburnums, Syringas, Spiraeas and Buddleias are all good shrubs for garden use. Planted as specimens they should be well separated, always leaving ample space for the herbaceous plants between the individual shrubs. Oftentimes' shrubs in the garden may be Utilized to shade and protect some rather tender perennials or hardy bulbs.


Unless we would have the garden almost devoid of interest during the Winter months it is well to introduce some evergreens. These should be placed at regular intervals and always at the corners and ends of the beds, where they are bisected by walks (Fig. 135). If a large area is provided in the center of the garden for some such ornament as a sundial or bird bath, evergreens may be used here to good effect. The pyramidal conifers are the best suited for garden planting, and such varieties as pyramidal Box, Biotas, Arborvitaes and tall Junipers are recommended.

For general garden planting varieties having dark green foliage are most desirable. Junipers with light colored foliage, such as chinense and virginiana glauca, contrast poorly with the foliage of the flowers and against the gray stone of garden enclosures, when stone is used. The golden tipped kinds, too, should be omitted from the garden.

Treatment Of Gardens Constructed On More Than One Level

When the garden is situated on two or three levels it is often very practicable to devote the first level to the Winter garden planted to evergreens with areas of turf; the second plateau to perennials; the third to Roses (Fig. 136). Where only two levels exist, combine the perennials and the Roses by placing the Roses around the outer edge and the herbaceous plants and annuals in the inner beds.