Garden Background

It is important to consider the garden from the picturesque point of view. This will include not only the arrangement of the interior beds but, quite as important, the setting of the surrounding plantations. The background (Fig. 117) should be dense, of a varied assortment of plants. Where space permits, and the height of the plants will not interfere with the view, make a background of White Pine, Hemlock, Birch, Beech, Maple and Ash. Such a combination will give pleasing contrast at all seasons of the year, especially in the Fall, when the foliage of the deciduous trees turns to brilliant shades of red and yellow. On extensive grounds such a background planting may be placed some distance from the garden and particularly so when there is a little rise in the ground beyond the end of the garden.

When the garden area extends to the party line it is necessary to provide a high hedge or wall which will rise above the horizon. If a wall is used it should be partly clothed with vines as green is the most satisfactory garden background (Fig. 118). It is possible sometimes to so locate the garden that a natural background on the adjoining property may be taken advantage of.

A pleasing effect may often be secured in gardens enclosed by a wall, by introducing flowering trees and shrubs in the plantations immediately without, so that the branches may be trained to hang over the wall to meet the floral ensemble within.

Garden Enclosures

The garden in the sense that it is used in these paragraphs refers to a portion of the estate set aside as an enclosed feature. An enclosure provides privacy and seclusion to those who would walk or work among the flowers; it is a protection to the growing plants, "In'square or nearly square gardens curved lines give a greater variety, especially within a small compass

Planting Plan.   Fig. 115   See page 135.

Planting Plan. - Fig. 115 - See page 135.

Key To Planting Plan.-Fig. 115.

Fig. 115. - In a square or a nearly square garden curved lines give greater variety, especially within a small compass. - See planting plan, page 134, also page 126.

Key

No.

Quan.

Variety

Common Name

1.

32.

Buxus arborescens pyramidalis

Pyramidal Box

2.

2.

Thuya occidentalis globosa

Globe Arborvitae

3.

12.

Vinca rosea alba

White Madagascar Periwinkle

4.

12.

Phlox divaricata

Early Blue Phlox

5.

20.

Stokesia cyanea

Stokes' Aster

6.

12.

Iris Blue Boy

Blue Flag

7.

6.

Veronica longifolia subsessilis

Speedwell

8.

12.

Phlox Ardensi, Amanda

Early Phlox

9.

12.

Delphinium formosum

Indigo Larkspur

IO

8.

Chrysanthemum Soeur Melaine

White Hardy Chrysanthemum

II

4.

Platycodon grandiflora

Bellflower

12.

30.

Ageratum Blue Perfection

Painter's Brush

13.

14.

Phlox Von Lassburg

White Phlox

14.

16.

Aster, blue

Annual Aster

I5.

IO

Antirrhinum, white

Snapdragon

16.

20.

Verbena, pink

Verbena

17.

IO

Iberis sempervirens

Candytuft

18.

12.

Calendula sulphurea

Pot Marigold

19.

16.

Phlox Ardensi Grete

Early Phlox

20.

IO

Gaillardia grandiflora

Blanket Flower

21.

18.

Chrysanthemum Globe d'Or

Yellow Hardy Chrysanthemum

22.

15.

Petunia, single white

Petunia

23.

IO

Helenium Hoopesii

Early Sneezewort

24.

30.

Centaurea imperialis, pink

Sweet Sultan

25.

15.

Phlox Elizabeth Campbell

Pink Phlox

26.

12.

Chrysanthemum arcticum

Arctic Daisy

27.

IO

Antirrhinum, pink

Pink Snapdragon

28.

30.

Dimorphotheca aurantiaca

Orange Daisy

29.

20.

Antirrhinum, yellow

Snapdragon

30.

20.

Verbena, white

Verbena

31.

30.

Ageratum Blue Perfection

Painter's Brush

32.

I5.

Stokesia cyanea

Stokes' Aster

33.

12.

Vinca rosea alba

White Madagascar Periwinkle

34.

12.

Phlox divaricata

Blue Early Phlox

35.

8.

Iris pallida dalmatica

Lavender Flag

I5.

Chrysanthemum Soeur Melaine White Chrysanthemum

Key No.

Quan.

Variety

Common Name

37.

12.

Delphinium formosum

Indigo Larkspur

38.

16.

Aster, blue

Annual Aster

39.

14.

Phlox tapis blanc

Semi-dwarf White Phlox

40.

IO

Antirrhinum, white

Snapdragon

41.

12.

Phlox Ardensi, Amanda

Early Phlox

42.

6.

Veronica longifolia subsessilis

Speedwell

43.

12.

Petunia, single white

Petunia

44.

12.

Heliotrope Chieftain

Heliotrope

45.

12.

Heliotrope Chieftain

Heliotrope

46.

12.

Petunia, single white

Petunia

47.

20.

Verbena, pink

Verbena

48.

12.

Viola, White Perfection

Tufted Pansy

49.

20.

Calendula sulphurea

Pot Marigold

50.

15.

Calliopsis

Annual Coreopsis

51.

I5.

Petunia, single white

Petunia

52.

I5.

Chrysanthemum Globe d'Or

Hardy Chrysanthemum

S3.

IO

Helenium Hoopesii

Early Sneezewort

54.

16.

Chrysanthemum St. Illoria

Pink Chrysanthemum

55.

14.

Phlox, Elizabeth Campbell

Pink Hardy Phlox

56.

IO

Antirrhinum, pink

Snapdragon

57.

12.

Chrysanthemum arcticum

Arctic Daisy

58.

30.

Centaurea imperialis, pink

Sweet Sultan

59.

I5.

Viola, White Perfection

Tufted Pansy

6o

I5.

Petunia, white

Petunia

61.

20.

Heliotrope Chieftain

Heliotrope

62.

20.

Arctotis

African Daisy

63.

12.

Aquilegia chrysantha

Yellow Columbine

64.

I5.

Aster alpina

Alpine Aster

65.

8.

Funkia caerulea

Plantain Lily

66.

IO

Lupinus polyphyllus

Lupine

67.

15.

Phlox Von Lassburg

White Phlox

68.

6.

Delphinium formosum

Indigo Larkspur

69.

8.

Funkia caerulea

Plantain Lily

70.

IO

Pentstemon Torreyi

Beard's Tongue

71.

20.

Viola lutea splendens

Tufted Pansy

72.

IO

Chrysanthemum arcticum

Arctic Daisy

73.

12.

Aster, tall white

Annual Aster

74.

8.

Phlox Elizabeth Campbell

Pink Hardy Phlox

Fig. 116.   Plan showing an arrangement of the flower and Rose gardens on two levels, and placed on the axis of a door in the living room of the house. The garden terminates at the party line and divides the lawn from the vegetable garden.   See page 126.

Fig. 116. - Plan showing an arrangement of the flower and Rose gardens on two levels, and placed on the axis of a door in the living room of the house. The garden terminates at the party line and divides the lawn from the vegetable garden. - See page 126.

Fig. 117.   A very pretty garden below the house line, simple in outline and so located as to have the advantage of a wooded background. The bay trees and pyramidal conifers lift it up and give variety to an otherwise uninteresting skyline. The view to the figure is enhanced through the introduction of these larger plants. It is preferable to have them planted in the ground rather than in tubs.   See page 133.

Fig. 117. - A very pretty garden below the house line, simple in outline and so located as to have the advantage of a wooded background. The bay trees and pyramidal conifers lift it up and give variety to an otherwise uninteresting skyline. The view to the figure is enhanced through the introduction of these larger plants. It is preferable to have them planted in the ground rather than in tubs. - See page 133.

affords a background and, in concealing the garden from without, leaves something to the imagination and more to be appreciated from a vantage point in the house.

Garden enclosures may be of stone, brick, stucco or plants in the form of a hedge.