This section is from the "The Fruit Manual; Containing The Descriptions and synonymes of the fruits and fruit trees commonly met with in the gardens & orchards of Great Britain, with selected lists of those most worthy of cultivation" book, by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual
Caillaba (Caillaba Noir Musquee).—Bunches long. Berries rather below medium size, round. Skin thin, but membranous, black. Flesh tender, juicy, and sweet, with a Muscat flavour. This is a moderately early grape, and ripens in a cool vinery about the beginning or middle of September. The vine is delicate, and requires high cultivation.
Calabrian Raisin (Raisin de Calabre).—Bunches large, slightly shouldered, long, and tapering, sometimes upwards of a foot in length. Berries large, quite round. Skin thick, but so transparent that the texture of the flesh and the stones are distinctly visible; white. Flesh moderately firm, with a sugary juice and good flavour. This is a late and long-hanging grape, forming an excellent white companion to Black St. Peter's. It is not of first-rate quality as to flavour; but is, nevertheless, a valuable grape to grow on account of its late-keeping properties. The vine is a strong grower and a good bearer; succeeds in a cool vinery, and will also stand a good deal of heat.
Cambridge Botanic Garden.—This has been said to be identical with Black Prince, with which it has now, in many instances, got confounded; but it differs from that variety in having shorter and much more compact bunches. Bunches rarely shouldered. Berries large and oval. Skin brownish-black. Flesh firm, juicy, sweet, and highly flavoured; with from two to three stones in each berry: while in Black Prince they vary from three to five.
An excellent out-door grape, ripening well against a wall, and well adapted for a cold vinery. Mr. Rivers has found it well suited for pot culture.
Campanella Bianca. See Royal Muscadine.
Canon Hall Muscat.—This differs from its parent, the Muscat of Alexandria, in having better-set and more tapering bunches, and rather larger and longer berries. The vine is of more robust growth, and the flowers have six. and sometimes seven, stamens; but the fruit is not so highly flavoured as Muscat of Alexandria.
Catawba (Arkansas; Catawba Tokay; Lebanon Seed-ling; Red Murrey; Singleton).—Bunches medium sized, shouldered. Berries medium sized, round. Skin thick, pale red, becoming a deeper colour as it ripens, and covered with a lilac bloom. Flesh somewhat glutinous, juicy, sweet, and musky. A popular American dessert grape, and used also for wine. It is very productive, and very hardy.
Champion Hamburgh. See Black Champion.
Chaptal.—Bunches large. Berries large and round, inclining to oval. Skin white. Flesh juicy and sweet. This is a new French grape of excellent quality, well adapted for a cool vinery, when it ripens about the middle of September. The vine is a great bearer, and, according to Mr. Rivers, is well adapted for pot culture.
Charlesworth Tokay.— This is very much like Muscat of Alexandria. Some consider it quite distinct, but I have as yet failed to observe wherein it differs. If it is distinct, it is not sufficiently so to make two varieties of them.
Chasselas. See Royal Muscadine.
Chasselas Blanc. See Royal Muscadine.
Chasselas Bleu de Windsor. See Esperione
Chasselas Doree. See Royal Muscadine.
Chasselas Duhamel.—This is, in all respects, very much like Chasselas Vibert, and was raised in the same batch of seedlings. Mr. Rivers describes it to me as a fine, large, amber-coloured Sweetwater-like sort, which is likely to prove very valuable. He imported it for the first time into this country three or four years ago.
Chasselas de Falloux (Chasselas Rose de Falloux).— Bunches long and compact. Berries large, round, and somewhat flattened. Skin tough, of a pale yellow colour at first, but gradually changing to a pale red. Flesh firm, juicy, sweet, and refreshing, with a distinct musky flavour. The vine is a great bearer, and well suited for pot culture. The fruit ripens in September in an ordinary vinery.
Chasselas de Fontainbleau. See Royal Muscadine.
Chasselas Musque (Josling's St. Albans; Muscat Fleur d'Orange; Muscat de Jesus; Muscat Primavis; Rascal Musque; Tokai Musque).—Bunches long, tapering, rather loose, and shouldered. Berries above medium size, round. Skin greenish-white, changing to pale amber when highly ripened, and covered with a delicate white bloom. Flesh firm, rich, sugary, and with a high Muscat flavour. A most delicious grape of first-rate quality. It may be grown either in a cool or warm vinery; but the berries are very liable to crack, unless the vine is growing in a shallow border, and the roots are kept moderately dry when the fruit is ripening. It is rather an early variety, and ripens in a vinery in the beginning of September.
Chasselas de Negrepont. See Negropont Chasselas.
Chasselas Panache. See Aleppo.
Chasselas Hose de Falloux. See Chasselas de Falloux.
Chasselas Vibekt—Bunches long and loose. Berries large and round. Skin thin and transparent, yellowish-white, but when highly ripened of a fine pale amber colour. Flesh tender, juicy, and sweet. This, in the form and size of the bunches and berries, resembles the Prolific Sweetwater; but it is readily distinguished from all the Sweetwaters, to which section it belongs, by the bristly pubescence of its leaves, both above and beneath. Mr. Rivers informs me, that it ripens with him ten or twelve days before the Royal Muscadine; that the vine is hardy and prolific, and well adapted for pot culture. It may be grown in a cool vinery.
Cinq Saous. See Aeillade.
Ciotat (Parsley-leaved; Raisin d'Autriche; Peter-silien Gutedel).— Bunches medium sized, not quite so large as those of Royal Muscadine, shouldered and loose. Berries medium sized, round, uneven, with short, thin stalks. Skin thin, greenish-yellow or white, covered with bloom. Flesh tender, sweet, and with the flavour of Royal Muscadine, of which this variety is a mere form, differing in having the leaves very much cut. It ripens in a cool vinery.
Le Caeur. See Morocco.
Corinthe Blanc. See White Corinth.
Corinthe Noir. See Black Corinth.
Cornichon Blanc (Finger Grape; White Cucumber; Bec d'Oiseau; Teta de Vaca).—Bunches rather small, round, and loose. Berries very long, sometimes an inch and a half, and narrow; tapering to both ends, and just like very large barberries. Skin thick, green, and covered with white bloom. Flesh firm and sweet. A late-ripening and late-hanging grape of little value, and requires stove heat to ripen it.
Cumberland Lodge. See Esperione.
Currant. See Black Corinth.
De Candolle. See Gromier du Cantal.