This section is from the "The Fruit Manual; Containing The Descriptions and synonymes of the fruits and fruit trees commonly met with in the gardens & orchards of Great Britain, with selected lists of those most worthy of cultivation" book, by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual
Dutch Hamburgh (Wilmot's Hamburgh).—Bunches medium sized, compact, and rarely shouldered. Berries very large, roundish-oblate, uneven and hammered. Skin thick, very black, and covered with a thin bloom. Flesh pretty firm, coarse, and not so highly flavoured as the Black Hamburgh. It ripens in an ordinary vinery.
Dutch Sweetwater. Sec White Sweetwater.
Duc de Malakoff (Chasselas Due de Malakoff).— This is a form of the Sweetwater, and in all respects so nearly resembles that variety that it is not worth keeping distinct. From what I have seen of it, it sets as badly as the Sweetwater, and produces a bunch with a few large and a great many small berries.
Early Green Madeira (Vert Precoce de Madere).— Bunches of good size, cylindrical, slightly compact. Berries medium sized, oval. Skin of a green colour, which it retains till its perfect maturity, when it becomes a little clearer, but still preserving the green tinge. Flesh with a rich and sugary flavour.
This is one of the earliest grapes, and ripens in a cool vinery from the beginning to the middle of August. It will also succeed against a wall in the open air; but, of course, is not then so early. It bears considerable resemblance to the Verdelho, but is said to be earlier than that variety. I have not been able to examine the two growing under the same circumstances.
Early Black. See Black Cluster.
Early Black Muscat (Muscat Precoce d'Aout.—Mr. Rivers' description of this variety, which I have not seen, is—Berries below medium size, and round. Skin black. Flesh rich and juicy, with a rich Frontignan flavour. The vine is more robust in its habit than the August Muscat, and the fruit ripens against a wall. This is one of the seedlings of the late M. Vibert, of Angers.
Early Chasselas (Chasselas Hatif; Bar-sur-Aube; Krach Gutedel).—This is very similar to the Royal Muscadine in general appearance, and has, therefore, been frequently confounded with it; but it is a very distinct variety when obtained true, and is readily known by its very firm crackling flesh, which is richly flavoured. The vine may be distinguished by its small quantity of foliage, which is somewhat hairy, and by the leaftstalk being frequently warted.
Early Leipzic. See Early White Malvasia.
Early Kienzheim (Blanc Precoce de Kienzheim; Precoce de Kienzheim).—Bunches small, cylindrical and well set. Berries about medium size, roundish-oval or oval. Skin tender, white, and transparent, covered with a very thin bloom. Flesh very tender and juicy, "sweet and pleasantly flavoured, like the Sweetwater.
This is one of the earliest grapes known, and ripens in a cool vinery from the beginning to the middle of August. It will also succeed against a wall in the open air; but, of course, is not then so early.
Early Malingre (Malingre; Precoce de Malingre; Precoce Blanc).—Bunches of pretty good size. Berries round, inclining to oval, and of medium size. Skin white. Flesh rather richly flavoured, juicy and sugary. One of the earliest grapes, ripening in a cool vinery in the beginning of August; and, in the open air, against a wall, it is the earliest white grape. The vine is a most abundant bearer, forms a handsome bush, and is well suited for pot culture.
Early Saumur Muscat (Muscat de Saumur; Made-leine Musque de Courtiller; Precoce Musque).—Bunches rather compact. Berries medium sized and round. Skin white, assuming an amber tinge towards maturity. Flesh firm and crackling, rich and sugary, with a distinct, but not strong, Muscat flavour. This is one of the earliest grapes, ripening with the Black July, from seed of which it was raised.
The vine is an abundant bearer. It is an excellent grape, and may be grown either in a cool vinery, or against a wall in the open air.
Early White Malvasia (Grove-End Sweetwater; Early Leipzic; Morna Chasselas; White Melier; Melier Blanc Hatif; Fruher Leipziger; Weisse Cibebe).— Bunches rather large, six to eight inches long, loose, tapering, and occasionally shouldered. Berries large, round, inclining to oval. Skin thin and transparent, greenish-white, but becoming yellow at maturity, and covered with white bloom. Flesh abundant, very juicy, sweet, and with a rich flavour. Ripens in a cool vinery about the end of August, and also against a wall in the open air.
The vine is an excellent bearer, and succeeds well when grown in pots.
Esperione (Cumberland Lodge; Turners Black; Aspirant Noir; Espiran; Chasselas Bleu de Windsor). —Bunches large and shouldered. Berries large, round, and inclining to oblate. Skin dark blackish-purple, covered with blue bloom. Flesh rather firm than tender, juicy, sweet, and well flavoured; but inferior to the Black Hamburgh.
This is a variety bearing a close resemblance to the Frank-enthal. Its great recommendation is its ripening so well out of doors against a wall, for which it is said to be better adapted, and where it ripens better than the Black Hamburgh, and ten or fifteen days earlier. It is distinguished from Black Hamburgh by its leaves dying off a rich purple colour, and not yellow.