Raisin d'Alep. See Aleppo.

Raisin d'Autriche. See Ciotat.

Raisin de Calabre. See Calabrian Raisin.

Raisin des Carmes. See West's St. Peter's.

Raisin de Cuba. See West's St. Peter's.

Raisin de Frontignan. See White Frontignan

Raisin du Pauvre. See Gromier du Cantal.

Raisin Precoce. See Black July.                                 

Raisin de St. Jean. See St. John's.

Raisin de Servie. See Gromier du Cantal.

Raisin Suisse. See Aleppo.

Red Chasselas (Red Muscadine; Chasselas Rouge; Chasselas Rouge Fonce; Cerese; Septembro). — Bunches medium sized, loose, rarely compact, shouldered; with long, thin, and somewhat reddish stalks. Berries medium sized, round. Skin thin, red, covered with a violet bloom. Flesh juicy and sweet. The vine is a great bearer, and will ripen its fruit in a cool vinery. The most remark-able character of this variety is, that from the time the germ is visible, or, as Mr. Rivers says, "no bigger than a pin's head, it changes to red," and it becomes gradually paler as the fruit ripens. Mr. Rivers says, "it is as good as Royal Muscadine when fully ripe, and a great bearer."

Red Frontignan (Grizzly Frontignan; Muscat Gris; Muscat Rouge; Moscatel Menudo; Cevana Dinka; Pother Muskateller; GrauerMuskataller).—Bunches large,long, and generally cylindrical, but occasionally with very small shoulders. Berries above medium size, round. Skin rather thick, yellow on the shaded side, clouded with pale red on the side next the sun, and covered with grey bloom. Flesh rather firm, juicy, but not very melting, with a rich, sugary, and musky flavour.

Ripens about the end of September when not forced, and requires the heat of a warm vinery.

Red Hamburgh. See Black Hamburgh.

Red Muncy. See Catawba.

Bed Muscadel. See Morocco.

Red Muscadine. See Med Chasselas.

Red Muscat of Alexandria. See Black Muscat of Alexandria.

Red Rhenish. See Lombardy.

Red Taurida. See Lombardy.

Rheingauer. See White Rissling.

Riessling. See White Rissling.

Rosslinger. See White Rissling.

Rossea. See Barbarossa.

Rother Muskateller. See Red Frontignan.

Royal Muscadine (Amber Muscadine; Muscadine; White Chasselas; D 'Arboyce; Chasselas; Chasselas Dore; Chasselas de Fontainbleau; Campanella Bianca; Weisser Gutedel).—Bunches long, loose, and shouldered; sometimes compact and cylindrical. Berries large, round, and, in the compact bunches, inclining to oval. Skin thin and transparent, greenish-yellow, becoming pale amber when quite ripe, and sometimes marked with tracings and dots of russet; covered with thin white bloom. Flesh tender and juicy, sweet, and richly flavoured.

This excellent and well-known grape ripens well in a cool vinery and against walls in the open air. The many names it has received have arisen from the various forms it frequently assumes, and which are occasioned entirely by the nature of the soil and the different modes of treatment to which it is subjected. There is no real difference between this, the common Chasselas, and Chasselas de Fontainbleau. The White Muscadine of some authors is the Early Chasselas.

Rudesheimer. See White Rissling.