Union. See Uvedales St. Germain.

Urbaniste (Beurre Drapiez; Beurre Picquery; Louise d'Orleans; Picquery; St. Marc; Serrurier d'Automne; Virgalieu Musquee).—Fruit medium sized, obovate, or oblong-obovate. Skin smooth and thin, pale yellow, covered with grey dots and slight markings of russet, and mottled with reddish brown. Eye small and closed, set in a deep, narrow basin. Stalk an inch long, inserted in a wide and rather deep cavity. Flesh white, very tender, melting, and juicy, rich, sugary, and slightly perfumed.

A delicious pear. Ripe in October. The tree is hardy and an excellent bearer, forming a handsome pyramid either on the pear or the quince.

Uvedale's St. Germain (Abbe Mongein; Angora; Belle de Jersey; Bolivar; Chambers' Large; Comtesse de Treweren; Dr. Udale's Warden; Duchesse de Berri d'Hiver; German Baker; Lent St. Germain; Pickering Pear; Pickering's Warden; Pijper; Royale d"Angle-terre; De Tonneau; Tres Grosse de Bruxelles; Union). —Fruit very large, sometimes weighing upwards of 3 lbs., of a long pyriform or pyramidal shape. Skin smooth, dark green, changing to yellowish-green, and with dull brownish-red on the exposed side, dotted all over with bright brown and a few tracings of russet. Eye open, set in a deep, narrow cavity. Stalk an inch to an inch and a half long, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh white, crisp, and juicy.

An excellent stewing pear, in use from January to April.

Vallee Franche (Bonne de Kienzheim; De Kienz-heim).—Fruit medium sized, obovate or obtuse-pyriform. Skin smooth and shining, yellowish-green, becoming yellowish as it ripens, and covered with numerous small russet dots. Eye set in a shallow basin. Stalk an inch long, inserted without depression. Flesh white, rather crisp, very juicy and sweet.

A good early pear. Ripe in the end of August. The tree is an immense and regular bearer, very hardy, and an excellent orcharding variety.

Van Assche.—Fruit large, roundish-oval, bossed and ribbed in its outline. Skin yellow, covered with flakes of russet on the shaded side, and with beautiful red on the side next the sun. Eye half open, set in a ribbed basin. Stalk half an inch long, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh half-melting, very juicy, rich, and aromatic. In use during November and December.

Van Donckelaar. See Marie Louise.

Van Marum. See Grosse Calebasse.

Van Mons Leon le Clerc.—Fruit very large, oblong-, pyramidal. Skin dull yellow, covered with dots and tracings of russet. Eye open, set in a shallow basin, talk an inch and a half long, curved, and inserted in a shallow cavity. Flesh yellowish-white, buttery and melting, very juicy, rich, sugary, and delicious.

A remarkably fine pear. Ripe in November. The tree is an excellent bearer, succeeds well as a standard in warm situations, and forms a handsome pyramid on the pear stock.

Van de Weyer Bates.—Fruit below medium size, roundish-obovate. Skin pale lemon yellow, covered with small brown dots and a few veins of russet of the same colour. Eye very large and open, set in a moderate depression. Stalk an inch and a quarter long, inserted between two lips. Flesh yellow, buttery, and very juicy, rich and sugary, with a pleasant aroma.

One of the finest late pears. Ripe from March till May

Vergalieu Musquee. See Urbaniste.

Verlaine. See Gendesheim.

Verlaine d'Ete. See Gendesheim.

Vert Longue {Mouille Bouche; Mouille Bouche d'Automne; New Autumn).—Fruit medium sized, pyri-form. Skin smooth and shining, pale green, becoming yellowish about the stalk as it ripens, and covered with, numerous minute dots. Eye open, set in a shallow basin. Stalk an inch and a half long, not depressed. Flesh white, melting, very juicy, sugary, and richly flavoured. Ripe in October.

Verte Longue d'Hiver. See Echassery.

Verulam (Black Beurre; Buchanan's Spring Beurre; Spring Beurre).—Fruit large, obovate, resembling the Brown Beurre in shape. Skin dull green, entirely covered with thin russet on the shaded side, and reddish-brown thickly covered with grey dots on the side next the sun. Eye open, set in a shallow basin. Stalk an inch long, slender, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh crisp, coarse-grained, rarely melting, unless grown against a wall in a warm situation, which is a position it does not merit.

An excellent stewing pear, in use from January till March. When stewed the flesh assumes a fine brilliant colour, and is richly flavoured.

Viandry. See Echassery.

Vicar of Winkfield {Belle Andrenne; Belle de Berri; Belle Heloise; Beurre Comice de Toulon; Bon Papa; Curd; Monsieur de Clion; Monsieur le Cure; Pater-noster).—Fruit very large, pyriform, frequently one-sided. Skin smooth, greenish-yellow, with a faint tinge of red on the side next the sun. Eye open, set in a shallow basin, and placed on the opposite side of the axis from the stalk. Stalk an inch and a half long, slender, obliquely inserted without depression. Flesh white, fine-grained, half-melting, juicy and sweet, with a musky aroma.

A handsome pear, which in warm seasons, or when grown against a wall, is melting. It is also a pretty good stewing pear. In use from November till January.

Vigne de Pelone. See Figue de Naples.

Vineuse.—Fruit medium sized, obovate. Skin smooth, pale straw colour, with slight markings of very thin brown russet, interspersed with minute green dots. Eye open, frequently abortive, set in a shallow depression. Stalk short and fleshy, inserted in a deep, narrow cavity. Flesh yellowish-white, exceedingly tender, melting, and very juicy, of a honied sweetness, and fine delicate perfume.

A delicious and richly-flavoured pear. Ripe in the end of September and beginning of October.

Vingouleuse {Bujaleuf; Chambrette; De Glace).— Fruit large and pyriform. Skin smooth and delicate, pale lemon colour, with a tinge of brown on the side next the sun, thickly strewed with russet dots. Eye small and open, set in a small, narrow basin. Stalk an inch to an inch and a quarter long, inserted without depression. Flesh yellowish-white, buttery, melting, and very juicy, sugary, and perfumed. November till January.