Warwick Bergamot. See White Doyenne.

Welbeck Bergamot. — Fruit above medium size, roundish, uneven in its outline, and bossed about the stalk. Skin smooth and shining, of a lemon-yellow colour, thickly sprinkled with large russet specks and with a blush of light crimson on the side next the sun. Eye small and open, set in a shallow depression. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, inserted in an uneven cavity. Flesh white, rather coarse-grained, half-melting, very juicy, sweet, and sugary, but without any flavour. End of October and November.

White Autumn Beurre. See White Doyenne.

White Beurre. See White Doyenne.

White Doyenne (Beurre Blanc; Bonne Ente; Citron de Septembre; Dean's; Doyenne Blanc; Doyenne Picte; Neige; Pine; St. Michel; Seigneur; Snow; Warwick Bergamot; White Autumn Beurre; White Beurre).— Fruit above medium size, obovate, handsome, and regu-larly formed. Skin smooth and shining, pale straw colour, sometimes with a faint tinge of red next the sun, and strewed with small dots. Eye very small and closed, set in a small, shallow basin, Stalk three quarters of an inch long, stout, fleshy, set in a small, round cavity. Flesh white, fine-grained, buttery, and melting, rich, sugary, with a fine piquant and vinous flavour, and a delicate perfume.

A delicious fruit. Ripe in September and October. The tree is hardy, a free bearer, and succeeds well as a pyramid either on the pear or quince.

Wilding of Caissoy. See Bezi de Caissoy

Wilhelmine. See Beurre d'Amanlis.

Willermoz.—Fruit large, obtuse-pyriform, ribbed and bossed in its outline. Skin of a golden yellow colour, with a red blush on the exposed side, and covered with fine russet dots. Stalk an inch long, woody. Flesh white, fine-grained, buttery, and melting, very juicy, sugary, and highly perfumed. Ripe in October and November.

William the Fourth. See Louise Bonne of Jersey. Williams'. See Williams' Bon Chretien.

Williams' Bon Chretien (Bartlett; De Lavault; Williams').—Fruit large, obtuse-pyriform, irregular and bossed in its outline. Skin smooth, of a fine clear yellow, tinged with green mottles and with faint streaks of red on the exposed side. Eye open, set in a shallow depression. Stalk an inch long, stout and fleshy, inserted in a shallow cavity, which is frequently swollen on one side. Flesh white, fine-grained, tender, buttery, and melting, with a rich, sugary, and delicious flavour, and powerful musky aroma.

One of the finest of pears. Ripe in August and September. It should be gathered before it becomes yellow, otherwise it speedily decays. The tree forms a handsome pyramid, and is a good bearer.

Windsor {Bell Tongue; Bellissime; Figue; Figue Musauee; Green Windsor; Grosse Jargonelle; Konge; Madame; Madame deFrance; Summer Bell; Supreme). —Fruit large, pyriform, rounded at the eye. Skin smooth, green at first, and changing to yellow mixed with green, and with a faint tinge of orange and obscure streaks of red on the exposed side. Eye open, not at all depressed. Stalk an inch and a half long, inserted without depression. Flesh white, tender, buttery, and melting, with a fine, brisk, vinous flavour, and nice perfume.

A fine old pear for orchard culture. Ripe in August. It should be gathered before it becomes yellow.

Winter Beurre. See Achan. Winter Beurre. See Chaumontel.

Winter Bon Chretien (D'Angoisse; Bon Chretien d'Hiver; Bon Chretien de Tours; De St. Martin).—Fruit large, obtuse-pyriform, very irregular and bossed in its outline. Skin dingy yellow, with a tinge of brown next the sun, and strewed with small russet dots. Eye open, set in a deep basin. Stalk an inch to an inch and a half long, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh white, crisp, juicy, sweet, and perfumed.

This requires a wall, but is not worthy of such a situation. It is in use from December to March; and is more adapted for stewing than for the dessert.

Winter Franc Real (Fin Or d'Hiver; Franc Real d'Hiver; Gros Micet).— Fruit medium sized, obovate, uneven in its outline. Skin of a fine lemon-yellow colour, with light brownish-red next the sun, thickly covered with pale brown dots and markings of russet. Eye open, set in a rather deep basin. Stalk an inch long, inserted in a deep cavity. Flesh yellowish, coarse-grained, juicy, sweet, and aromatic.

A fine stewing pear, in. use from January till March. When cooked the flesh becomes of a fine bright purple colour, and richly flavoured.

Winter Green. See Bergamotte d'Hollande.

Winter Oken [Oken; Oken d'Hiver).—Fruit below medium size, roundish. Skin lemon yellow, marked with patches of cinnamon-coloured russet. Eye open, set in a round, deep basin. Stalk an inch long, inserted without depression. Flesh buttery, melting, and juicy, rich, sugary, and well flavoured. Ripe in December.

Winter Nelis (Beurre de Malines; Bonne Malinaise; Bonne de Malines; Colmar Nelis; Etonneau; Fondunte de Malines; Maliniaise Cuvelier; Nelis d'Hiver).—Fruit below medium size, roundish-obovate. Skin dull yellowish-green, covered with numerous russety dots and patches of brown russet. Eye open, set in a shallow depression. Stalk from an inch to an inch and a half long, set in a narrow cavity. Flesh yellowish, fine-grained, buttery and melting, with a rich, sugary, and vinous flavour, and a fine aroma.

One of the richest flavoured pears. It is in use from. November till February. The tree forms a handsome small pyramid, is quite hardy, and an excellent bearer.

Winter Poplin. See Bezi de Caissoy.

Winter Thorn (Epine d'Hiver; Epine Rose d'Hiver). —Fruit above medium size, obovate. Skin smooth, yellowish-green, covered with greyish-brown dots. Eye small and open, set in a wide basin. Stalk an inch long, inserted without depression. Flesh whitish, tender, and buttery, with a sweet and agreeable musky flavour. In use from November till January.

Winter Windsor (Petworth). — Fruit large and handsome, obovate-turbinate. Skin smooth and shining, greenish-yellow in the shade and orange, faintly streaked with brownish-red next the sun; covered all over with minute dots. Eye large and open, set in a shallow basin. Stalk half an inch long, slender, inserted without depression. Flesh crisp, juicy, and pleasantly flavoured. Ripe in November.

Yat (Yutte).—Fruit below medium size, obtuse-pyri-form. Skin thickly covered with brown russet and sprinkled with numerous grey specks, sometimes with brownisli-red next the sun. Eye small and open, set in a shallow basin. Stalk an inch long, obliquely inserted without depression. Flesh white, tender, juicy, and melting, with a rich, sugary, and highly perfumed flavour. An excellent early pear. Ripe in September. The tree is hardy, and a great bearer.

York Bergamot. See Autumn Bergamot.

Yutte. See Yat.

Zephirin Gregoire. — Fruit about medium size, oundish. Skin pale greenish-yellow, sometimes becoming of a uniform pale waxen yellow, covered with russet dots and markings. Eye very small, slightly depressed. Stalk an inch long, inserted without depression. Flesh yellow, buttery, melting, and very juicy, very rich, sugary, and vinous, with a powerful and peculiar aroma.

A most delicious pear. Ripe in December and January. The tree forms a handsome pyramid, succeeds best on the pear stock, and is an excellent bearer.