London Pearmain

Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; Pearmain-shaped, uneven and angular in its outline, and much ribbed round the eye. Skin smooth and shining, lemon yellow on the shaded side, and with a bright red cheek, streaked with dark crimson, on the side next the sun; the whole sprinkled with russet dots, and here and there traces of russet round the stalk. Eye, large and closed, with convergent segments, divergent at the tips, broad and leaf-like. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, half an inch long, stout, inserted in a narrow cavity. Flesh, crisp, tender, juicy, and richly flavoured, with a brisk acidity. Cells, elliptical; axile.

An excellent dessert apple; in use till January. In shape it is not unlike Herefordshire Pearmain.

London Pippin (Five-Crounol Pippin; New London Pippin)

Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters broad, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish, and flattened, with a few ribs on the sides, which increase in size towards the crown, where they terminate in five prominent and equal ridges, from which circumstance it has been called the Five-Crowned Pippin. Skin, at first pale yellowish green, changing to pale yellow or lemon colour, with brownish red on the side next the sun. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Eye, small and closed, set in a rather shallow basin. Stalk, half an inch long, slender, and deeply inserted. Flesh, yellowish white, firm, crisp, tender, and juicy, with a brisk and pleasant flavour. Cells, round; axile, closed.

An excellent culinary apple, and serviceable also for the dessert; it is in use from November to April, when it is perfectly sound, and shows no symptoms of shrivelling.

The tree attains about the middle size, is not a strong grower, but quite hardy, and an excellent bearer.

Although there is no record of this variety in the writings of any pomological author before Mr. Lindley, it is nevertheless a very old English apple. In an ancient note-book of an ancestor of the Trevelyans, of Nettlecorabe, in Somersetshire, so early as 1580, the "Lounden Peppen" is mentioned among the "names of Appelles which I had their graffes from Brentmarch, out of Essex, from one Mr. Pace." From this we may learn that we are not to take for granted the nonexistence of any variety, simply because there is no notice of it, previous to the period when it may have been first recorded, in works on pomology. This has been erroneously called Royal Somerset, which see.

London Royal Russet

Fruit, large, three inches wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; roundish, inclining to ovate, uneven in its outline, with ribs which extend to the apex, where they form corresponding ridges round the eye. Skin, coloured like a Ribston Pippin, the greenish yellow ground being streaked with dark crimson, mottled with pale brown russet, with a sprinkling of the russet in thin patches all over the surface, and especially over the base. Eye, closed, with connivent segments, which are divergent at the tips, set in a deep angular basin. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, half an inch long, stout, deeply inserted in a wide, even cavity, lined with smooth olive-coloured russet. Flesh, greenish yellow, very tender and juicy, with a brisk and pleasant flavour. Cells, ovate; axile, open.

A very excellent and tender-fleshed kitchen apple; sent me from Cornwall by Mr. Vivian, of Hayle. It is in use up till Christmas.