This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, small, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; conical or roundish ovate, frequently with one very prominent rib, but always angular. Skin, with an orange red cheek where exposed to the sun, yellow in the shade, strewed with russet dots. Eye, closed, with flat convergent segments, set in a somewhat angular and plaited basin. Stamens, median or marginal; tube, conical, inclining to funnel-shape, wide and deep, out of all proportion to the size of the fruit. Stalk, very short, imbedded in the cavity. Flesh, tender, juicy, sweet, and richly flavoured. Cells, obovate; axile.
An excellent dessert apple; in use from October to December.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; oblong, with a prominent rib on one side, and flattened at the apex, where it terminates in several prominences. Skin, very thick, hard, and membranous; deep yellow, with a brownish tinge next the sun, and strewed with numerous imbedded pearly specks. Eye, small and open, with long acuminate and reflexed segments, set in a deep and angular basin. Stalk, half an inch long, inserted in a deep and smooth cavity. Flesh, yellowish white, firm and tender, sweet, juicy, and pleasantly flavoured.
A culinary apple, but only of second-rate quality; it is in use from October to January.
The tree is hardy and an abundant bearer.
This was introduced in 1818 - the year in which the original tree first produced fruit - by a Mr. Stevens, of Setanton Grange, in Derbyshire, by whom it was raised from a seed of the Keswick Codlin. The Marmalade Pippin of Diel, which is described in vol. '22, and which he says is an English apple, is not the same as the above, for he describes it as "a true streaked apple, and ripe in August."
Fruit, small, about two inches and a quarter wide, and two inches high; roundish, and somewhat depressed, even and regular in its outline. Skin, smooth, entirely crimson, even on the shaded side. Eve, small, with erect convergent segments, set in a basin, which is slightly plaited. Stamens, marginal; tube, conical. Stalk, short and slender, placed in a shallow cavity. Flesh, yellowish, slightly tinged with red at the eye and under the skin, pleasantly flavoured. Cells, obovate; axile, open.
Marrow-bone. See Tom Putt.
Fruit, below medium size; ovate, and angular on the sides. Skin, pale yellow, sprinkled with yellowish brown russet, which is rather rough. Eye, small, half open, with segments which are convergent and reflexed at the tips, set in a plaited basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, short, conical. Stalk, short and thick, sometimes a mere knob, with a swelling on one side of it. Flesh, yellow, firm, rich, juicy, and sugary. Cells, ovate; axile.
An excellent dessert apple, but not equal to the old Nonpareil; consequently can only be regarded as a second-rate variety; it is in use from December to March.
The tree is a vigorous grower, hardy, and a good bearer.
This apple was received from a nursery, as a crab stock, by the Rev. George Williams, of Martin-Hussingtree, near Worcester, and after producing fruit, was communicated by him to the London Horticultural Society.