This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, small; conical and irregularly formed, being generally larger on one side than the other, and having the eye placed laterally. Skin, green, covered with large patches of thin grey russet, strewed with silvery scales, and marked with green dots. Eye, small and open, with segments reflexed at the tips, and set in a plaited basin. Stamens, median; tube, conical. Stalk, short, and deeply inserted in an oblique cavity. Flesh, greenish, firm, crisp, juicy, sugary, briskly flavoured, and charged with a pleasant aroma. Cells, quite closed, ovate; axile.
The Morris's Nonpareil Russet, of the London Horticultural Society's catalogue. which is said to be oblate, cannot be true. I know that the variety described above is the true one, the friend from whom I received it having procured it from Mr. Morris, of Brentford, by whom it was raised.
Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and a quarter high; round, regularly and handsomely shaped. Skin, covered with a coat of smooth, thin, brown russet, with occasionally a bright, fiery crimson flame breaking out on the side next the sun, sometimes so large as to form a fine, smooth, and varnished crimson cheek. Eye, large and open, set in a small and shallow basin. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, very short, inserted in a rather small cavity. Flesh, firm, but tender, juicy, brisk, and sugary, charged with a very rich and powerful aromatic flavour. Cells, obovate; axile.
This is a dessert apple of the highest excellence, and ought certainly to form one in every collection, however small; it is in season from October to February.
This, like the two preceding varieties, was raised by Mr. Morris, of Brentford.
Fruit, below medium size, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two and a quarter high; roundish, inclining to oblate, angular, knobbed round the crown, where the angles terminate. Skin, entirely covered with streaks of bright deep crimson on a deep yellow ground. Eye, small and closed, with erect short segments, not quite connivent, set in a deep angular and plaited basin. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, very short, inserted in a deep, russet-lined cavity. Flesh, yellowish, crisp, juicy, sweet, and of good flavour. Cells, obovate; axile.
Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide, and an inch and three-quarters high; oblate, even and regular in outline. Skin, very much covered with dull red, which is thickly striped with dark crimson, except only where it is shaded, and there it is yellowish. Eye, closed, with connivent segments, set in a rather wide basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, conical. Stalk, an inch long, and slender, not deeply inserted. Flesh, tender, juicy, sweet, and well flavoured. Cells, obovate; axile, slit.