This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, fragrant when ripe, large, ovate, inclining sometimes to conical. Skin, thin, at first of a greenish yellow on the shaded side, and on the side next the sun covered entirely with a thin, pale crimson cheek, which is covered with broken streaks of a darker crimson; but as the fruit acquires maturity after being kept, the shaded side changes to a rich golden yellow, and the crimson becomes brilliant. The whole is covered with a thin bloom like a grape. Eye, small and closed, set in a very deep, narrow, and furrowed cavity. Stamens, marginal; tube, long, funnel-shaped. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, slender, deeply inserted in a wide hollow. Flesh, white, very tender, fine-grained, crisp, and very juicy. Juice, sprightly, sweet, and with a fine delicate aroma. Cells, ovate; abaxile.
A valuable dessert apple; in use from December till May. The tree is a fast and vigorous grower, and has an upright habit. When it acquires a little age it is an abundant bearer; but it is apt to become bushy-headed, and therefore requires frequent attention to keep the head open and free of spray.
This excellent apple originated about the year 1840 in the State of New York, on the farm of Oliver Chapin, of Bloomfield, near Rochester. It belongs to the Spitzenburgh race, and bears some resemhlance to the Esopus Spitzenburgh. Gradually it became a favourite among American orchardists, and in 1843 we find it one of the sorts which were recommended "for trial" at one of the pomological conventions. In 1847 the fruit was sold in New York at twelve and a half cents each.
Fruit, large, over three inches wide, and two inches and a half high; roundish and depressed, prominently ribbed, and the ribs extending to the apex, where they form ridges round the eye. Skin, smooth, clear lemon yellow, with a red cheek next the sun. Eye, small and open, with short, erect segments, set in a deep and angular basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, deep, funnel-shaped. Stalk, long, and obliquely inserted in a wide and rather shallow cavity. Flesh, white, very tender, juicy, sweet, and with very little flavour. Cells, open; obovate.
An American dessert apple, with very vapid flavour; in use during October and November.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters broad, and two inches and a half high; ovate. Skin, smooth, pale yellow at first, but changing by keeping to lemon yellow, without any trace of red, but with slight markings of russet. Eye, closed, with long green segments, set in a wide and rather deeply plaited basin. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, inserted in a deep, funnel-shaped, and russety cavity. Flesh, white, fine, and tender, juicy, sugary, and vinous.
A second-rate dessert apple; in use from November till February.
The tree is a strong and vigorous grower, and an excellent bearer.
Nutmeg Pippin. See Cockle's Pippin.