This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; roundish, narrowing a little towards the apex, regularly and handsomely formed. Skin, pale green, changing to yellow as it ripens, with a tinge of brown where exposed to the sun, and strawed with grey russety dots. Eye, small, partially closed with short segments, and placed in a round, narrow, and rather shallow basin. Stalk, half an inch long, inserted in a round and deep cavity. Flesh, greenish yellow, tender, soft, brisk, sugary, and aromatic.
Fruit, medium sized; round and regularly formed. Skin, clear yellow, marbled and washed with clear red, and intermixed with thin grey russet next the sun. Eye, set in a deep, round basin. Stalk, slender, deeply inserted in a round cavity. Flesh, white, firm, crisp, and briskly flavoured.
An excellent dessert apple; in season from December to March. The tree is healthy and vigorous, of the middle size, and an excellent bearer.
This beautiful variety was first brought into notice by Mr. George Lindley, who found it growing in a small garden near Surrey Street Gates, Norwich, where it had originated about the year 1770. Mr. Lindley first propagated it in 1793, and the original tree died about seven years afterwards.
Bell's Scarlet. See Scarlet Pearmain.
Fruit, rather small, conical, irregularly shaped, broad at the base, and narrow at the apex, but sometimes broader at the middle than either of the extremities, with distinctly five angles, which terminate at the eye. Skin, yellow, dingy-coloured russety grey in the shade, and on the sunny side deep clear red, with numerous streaks and patches of orange colour and muddy red. Eye, small and nearly closed, with very short, flat segments. Stamens, marginal; tube, conical. Stalk, half an inch long, and very slender, sometimes obliquely inserted by the side of a prominent protuberance. Flesh, yellowish, with a greenish tinge under the skin, tender, juicy, sweet, and without much acidity. Cells, elliptical; axile. The specific gravity of the juice is 1073.
This is a good cider apple, and produces liquor of great excellence when mixed with other varieties. It is chiefly grown in the deep strong soils of the south-west part of Herefordshire, and is common in the district known as the Golden Vale. Knight says it was a very old variety, and was known previous to the 17th century, but I have not been able to find any record of it in the early works on Pomology.
Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a half wide, by two and a quarter high; roundish oblate, even and regular in its outline except at the crown, where it is somewhat undulating, and generally higher on one side than the other. Skin, when fully ripe, rich yellow, with a crimson cheek where exposed to the sun, with short, broken streaks of darker crimson; here and there, especially towards the crown, there are patches of russet. Eye, closed, with flat segments, set in a rather deep and irregular basin. Stamens, median; tube, long, funnel-shaped. Stalk, a quarter to half an inch long, very slender, and deeply inserted in a round cavity. Flesh, yellow, very tender and delicate, sweet, brisk, with a remarkably high perfume, like that of pine apple. Cells, obovate; axile, closed.
A delicious dessert apple, ripe in September.
This is an American apple, and originated at Dedham, in Massachusetts. It was introduced to this country by Mr. Rivers, of Sawbridgeworth, to whom I am indebted for the specimens from which this description is taken.