This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, large, three inches wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; roundish ovate, bluntly angular, puckered at the apex, where it is narrow. Skin, dark mahogany colour, except on the parts that are shaded, and there it is yellowish, streaked with dark red, strewed all over with large russet freckles, and russety over the base. Eye, closed, with erect connivent segments, set in a narrow, puckered basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Flesh, yellowish, tinged with red in places under the skin, tender, soft, juicy, and remarkably sweet, with a distinct aroma. Cells, wide open, obovate.
The Oaken Pin is a very old apple, but I do not think this the Oaken Pin of Evelyn and the other early writers.
Fruit, large, three inches wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; roundish or roundish ovate, even and somewhat ribbed, particularly round the crown. Skin, smooth and shining, of an uniform lemon yellow, with a tinge of orange next the sun, the surface being strewed with dark specks. Eye, half open, with erect convergent segments, reflexed at the tips, set in a deep and ribbed basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped, deep and slender. Stalk, stout and woody, inserted in a deep and uneven cavity, with a swelling on one side of it. Fle9h, white, very tender and delicate, juicy, and with a fine ether-like perfume. Cells, closed, obovate. A fine tender-fleshed kitchen apple; in use up till Christmas. It is common in some of the orchards about Hereford, where it is grown for the Midland markets.
Fruit, small, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; roundish ovate, even and regular in its outline. Skin, completely encrusted with grey russet on the shaded side and over the base, with only here and there patches of the yellow ground visible; on the side next the sun it is dull red, with a few scattered freckles of russet. Eye, closed, with flat convergent segments, which are reflexed at the tips, and set in a narrow, plaited basin. Stamens, median; tube, conical. Stalk, long and slender, inserted in a round, wide, and deep cavity. Flesh, yellowish, tender, crisp, and juicy, sweet, richly flavoured, and with a fine perfume. Cells, open, roundish.
A very fine dessert apple; ripe in January, and keeps well.
This I received from Mr. Thomas Moore, of the Botanic Garden, Chelsea, who obtained it from Chertsey, where it is much grown. It was raised in Sussex between Scarlet Nonpareil and the Old Nonpareil by a gardener named Middlemas, who brought it thence to Chertsey, and it bears his name. The tree is a late bloomer and bears well.
Oldaker's New. See Alfriston.
Old English Pearmain. See Pearmain.
Old Hawthornden. See Hawthornden.
Old Maids. See Knobbed Russet,
Old Nonpareil. See Nonpareil.
Old Pearman. See Pearmain.