This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, small, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; roundish ovate, even in its outline. Skin, quite green, covered in places with thin brown russet. Eye, small and closed, with flat convergent segments, sometimes erect. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, half an inch long, slender, not deeply inserted. Flesh, greenish, firm, crisp, and juicy, with a good flavour, but not equal to that of the old Nonpareil. Cells, obovate; axile.
A dessert apple of second-rate quality; in use from January till April.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, and the same in height; conical and angular, widest in the middle and terminating at the apex in several prominent ridges. Skin, entirely covered with bright crimson stripes on a rich yellow ground, the colour being somewhat paler on the shaded side. Eye, small, with erect convergent segments, which are divergent at the points, set in a small, narrow, and somewhat puckered basin. Stamens, median; tube, conical. Stalk, half an inch long, slender, inserted in a wide, rather angular cavity. Flesh, yellowish, stained with red in some parts, especially from the eye downwards; firm and crisp, juicy, sweet, and briskly flavoured. Cells, ovate; axile.
A cooking apple; in use from November till January. This is a very beautiful fruit, and was sent me by Messrs. John Jeffries & Son, nurserymen, Oxford.
Fruit, about medium size, three inches wide, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish oblate, sometimes inclining to ovate, ribbed on the sides and undulating round the eye. Skin, smooth and shining, lemon yellow in the shade, and with a bright red cheek on the side next the sun, the whole strewed with large russet dots. Eye, closed, with convergent segments, set in a deep angular basin. Stamens, marginal or median; tube, conical. Stalk, very short, not more than a quarter of an inch, set in a wide cavity. Flesh, very soft, not very juicy, and with a very rough astringent flavour. Cells, open; obovate; axile.
A Herefordshire cider apple.
Fruit, conical, rather uneven and angular, with several ribs causing a pucker round the eye, where it has a contracted appearance. Skin, smooth, pule greenish yellow, becoming sometimes lemon yellow, streaked on the side next the sun with numerous broken lines and mottles of crimson. Eye, closed, set in a puckered basin. Stalk, half an inch long, rather slender, and deeply inserted in an uneven cavity. Flesh, yellowish, very tender and delicate, with a pleasant perfume.
This is an excellent apple, having flesh of the delicate texture of our imported Newtown Pippin.
This variety was brought to my notice by Mr. W. H. Caparn, of Newark, in 1869. Its appearance is not unlike a small beauty of Kent.