This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; conical and angular. Skin, membranous, shining, pale yellow with a greenish tinge, which it loses as it attains maturity; but covered with fine clear red on the side next the sun, and strewed all over with minute russety dots and imbedded white specks; the whole surface is covered with a bluish bloom, from which circumstance it receives the name of Pigeon, being considered similar to the plumage of a dove. Eye, open, with erect segments, prominently set in a narrow and plaited basin. Stalk, very short, inserted in a deep and russety cavity. Flesh, white, tender, soft, and juicy, pleasantly flavoured, but not at all rich.
A dessert apple of second-rate quality, but excellent for all culinary purposes; it is in use from November to January. It is necessary in storing this apple that care should be taken to prevent fermentation, by which its pleasant acidity is destroyed. The tree, though vigorous in its young state, never attains a great size. Its shoots are long, slender, and downy. It is an abundant and regular bearer.
This apple is called Pomme de Jerusalem, from, as some fancy, the core having four cells, which are disposed in the form of a cross, but this is not a permanent character, as they vary from three to five.
Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a quarter wide, and the same in height; oblato-ovate. Skin, pale greenish yellow on the shaded side, but entirely covered with red on the side next the sun, and striped and rayed with darker red, some of the stripes extending to the shaded side. Eye, small and open, with erect segments, set in a slightly depressed basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, short and thick, inserted in a rather shallow cavity. Flesh, white and delicate, of an agreeable acid and perfumed flavour. Cells, ovate; axile.
A dessert fruit of second-rate quality; in use during August and September.
Fruit, quite small, an inch and three-eighths wide, and an inch and a half high; conical, even and regular in its outline. Skin, smooth, lemon yellow on the shaded side, and with a bright red cheek on the side next the sun, strewed all over with numerous russet dots and various patches of thin cinnamon-coloured russet. Eye, open, set in a very shallow and plaited depression, with divergent segments, which are reflexed at the tips. Stamens, median; tube, short, funnel-shaped. Stalk, slender, a quarter of an inch long, inserted in a shallow cavity. Flesh, firm, crisp, very juicy, sweet, and with an agreeable delicate acidity. Cells, closed, obovate.
A pretty little dessert apple, grown about Hereford, which keeps in use till Christmas.
Fruit, above medium size, two inches and three-quarters high, and three inches wide; roundish, inclining to ovate, with obtuse ribs on the sides. Skin, green, becoming yellowish green when ripe, with a brownish tinge on the side next the sun, which is covered with broken streaks of dull red, the whole streaked with large russet dots. Eye, closed, with flat convergent segments, set in a shallow, round, and plaited basin. Stamens, basal; tube, conical, wide and deep. Stalk, short, inserted in a round, narrow, and shallow cavity. Flesh, tinged with green, crisp, very juicy, and pleasantly sub-acid. Cells, open; obovate.
An excellent kitchen apple, which keeps well till May.
I received this from Messrs. R. Smith & Co., Worcester.