This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide and an inch and seven-eighths high; round, and somewhat oblate, even and regularly formed. Skin, green, covered with rough brown russet over the whole surface. Eye, open, with short, erect, convergent segments, which are reflexed at the tips, set in a very shallow, even basin. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, half an inch long, stout, inserted in a shallow cavity. Flesh, greenish, crisp, juicy, briskly acid, and without any aroma. Cells, obovate; axile, closed. A second-rate, very acid apple, which keeps till January.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, and the same in height; oval, with ten obscure ribs, extending from the base to the apex, where they form five small crowns. Skin, of a dull yellow ground colour, marked with small broken stripes or streaks of crimson, and thickly covered with small russety specks. Eye, closed, placed in a shallow, plaited, and knobbed basin. Stalk, from half an inch to three-quarters long, deeply inserted the whole of its length in a round and smooth cavity. Flesh, yellowish white, very juicy and sugary, with a rich and brisk flavour.
A very fine, briskly flavoured dessert apple; in use from October to December.
Fruit, large, three inches and a quarter wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; round and depressed, angular in its outline. Skin, smooth and shining, with a greasy feel when ripe; on the side next the sun it is deep orange covered with broken streaks of crimson, and on the shaded side, deep yellow with a few faint streaks of pale crimson. Eye, closed, with connivent segments, set in a deep angular basin. Stamens, basal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, long, deeply inserted in a russety cavity. Flesh, soft, tender, and sweetish, having rather a mawkish flavour. Cells, ovate; abaxile.
This is one of the soft-fleshed cooking apples, in use in October, and of but little merit. I received it from Mr. Poynter, nurseryman, of Taunton.
Putman's Russet. See Boston Russet.
Fruit, medium size to large, varying from three inches to three and three-quarters wide, and two and a quarter to two and three-quarters high; oblate, even and regular in its outline, ribbed and five-knobbed round the eye. Skin, clear lemon-yellow, almost entirely covered with bright crimson, which is again marked with broken streaks and patches of darker crimson, and with a lining of russet in the stalk cavity. Eye, slightly open, with erect convergent and somewhat divergent segments, set in a deep and ribbed basin. Stamens, median; tube, short, conical. Stalk, nearly three-quarters of an inch long, deeply inserted in a wide and deep cavity, which is lined with russet. Flesh, white, tender, very juicy, with a mild acidity. Cells, ovate; axile.
A very handsome culinary apple in October and November. It has a strong resemblance to Cox's Pomona, but is larger.
Queen Anne. See American Mother.