This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish, flattened, and obtusely angular. Skin, dark red, streaked with bright crimson, on the side next the sun, and greenish yellow, washed with thin red, on the shaded side. Eye, small and closed, with flat, slightly divergent segments, placed in a shallow, plaited basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, conical. Stalk, very short, deeply set in a round funnel-shaped cavity. Flesh, crisp, juicy, sweet, and of good flavour. Cells, roundish obovate; axile, closed.
Fruit, above medium size, three inches wide, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish oblate. Skin, smooth, pale yellow on the shaded side, but yellow, streaked with red, on the side next the sun, and strewed with large russety dots. Eye, closed, set in a wide, rather shallow, and plaited basin. Stalk, an inch long, and slender, inserted more than half its length in a deep, round, and even cavity. Flesh, greenish white, tender and delicate, with a brisk and pleasant flavour.
An American apple, suitable either for the dessert or for culinary purposes, and esteemed in its native country as a variety of first-rate excellence, but with us of inferior quality, even as a kitchen apple; it is in use from December to January.
Rainbour Blanc d'Été. See Brcitiing.
Fruit, very large, four inches broad, and three inches high; roundish and flattened, with five ribs on the sides, which extend to the eye, forming prominent ridges round the apex. Skin, yellow, marked with thin pale russet on the shaded side, but streaked and mottled with red on the side next the sun. Eye, closed, and deeply set in an angular basin. Stalk, short, deeply inserted in a round, even, and regular cavity, which is lined with russet. Flesh, yellow, firm, and of a leathery texture, brisk and sugary, with a high flavour.
A good culinary apple; in use during September and October. The tree is a strong and vigorous grower, and an abundant bearer.
This is an old French apple which must have been long cultivated in this country, as it is mentioned by Ilea so early as 1665. It is supposed to take its name from the village of Rembures, in Picardy, where it is said to have been first discovered.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a half high; roundish, irregular in its shape, caused by several obtuse ribs which extend into the basin of the eye, round which they form prominent ridges. Skin, greenish yellow, nearly covered with red streaks, and strewed with russety dots. Eye, closed, and set in an angular basin. Stalk, short and thick, inserted in a round cavity. Flesh, yellow, firm, sweet, and pleasantly flavoured.
A dessert apple of such merit in Scotland as to be generally grown against a wall; but in the south, where it has to compete with the productions of a warmer climate, it is found to be only of second-rate quality. Ripe in August.