This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, above the medium size, three inches and a quarter wide, and three inches high; roundish, and obscurely angular on its sides. Skin, greenish yellow where shaded, and almost entirely covered with deep crimson on the side exposed to the sun; the whole surface covered with a fine delicate bloom. Eye, closed, set in a moderately deep and somewhat irregular basin. Stamens, marginal or median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, short, deeply inserted in a russety cavity. Flesh, white, crisp, very juicy, sugary, briskly and pleasantly flavoured. Cells, open, obovate.
The tree does not attain a large size, but is healthy and vigorous, and an abundant bearer.
Red Baldwin. See Baldwin.
Red Borsdorfer. See Borsdorfer.
Red Calville. See Calville Rouge d'Été.
Fruit, small, an inch and seven-eighths wide, and an inch and a half high; roundish or oblate, even and regular in its outline. Skin, quite covered with thin pale brown russet. Eye, wide open, like that of Court of Wick, with broad, reflexed, pointed segments, set in a wide and deep cup-shaped basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, inserted in a rather deep cavity. Flesh, greenish, crisp, and juicy, agreeably but not highly flavoured. Cells, obovate; axile, very full of seeds, closed.
A dessert apple of only second-rate quality, which is much shrivelled before Christmas.
Fruit, small, very much like the Golden Knob, two inches and a quarter wide, and two inches high; roundish, even and regular in shape. Skin, entirely covered with bright cinnamon-coloured russet, which is thinner on the shaded side, where a little of the yellow ground colour is exposed. Eye, partially open, with erect, flat, convergent segments, reflexed at the tips, set in a pretty wide and deep saucer-like basin. Stamens, marginal or median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, pretty stout, set in a round cavity. Flesh, yellowish, tender, crisp, very juicy and sweet, with a rich flavour and a fine aroma. Cells, obovate; axile, closed.
An excellent dessert apple; in use from December till February.
This was raised by Mr. John Cox, gardener at Redleaf, Penshurst, Kent.
Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide, by two inches and seven-eighths high; roundish ovate, even in its outline. Skin, very dark crimson over the whole surface, almost a mahogany or chestnut colour, except a small portion on the shaded side, which is a little, and very little, paler. Eye, small, somewhat open, with short, erect, convergent segments, set in a very shallow plaited basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, short conical. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, very slender, inserted in a wide, rather shallow cavity. Flesh, yellow, deeply stained with crimson both under the surface of the skin and at the core, very tender, pleasantly flavoured, with a slight acidity. Cells, ovate; axile.
A Herefordshire cider apple.