This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, small, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and a quarter high; round, regularly and handsomely shaped, or short cylindrical, undulating at the apex. Skin, rich golden yellow, with an orange blush on the side next the sun, and strewed with russet specks. Eye, wide open, with rellexed segments, set in a shallow, plaited, saucer-like basin. Stamens, basal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, short and slender, inserted in a close and not deep cavity, which is lined with greenish grey russet. Flesh, tender, yellow, juicy, and with a brisk, agreeable flavour. Cells, elliptical; axile.
A dessert apple of first-rate quality; in use during October and November. It is very apt to be taken for Golden Winter Pearmain, the shape, colour, eye, and rather knobbed crown favouring the resemblance; but it is more oblate, and the stamens are always basal.
This excellent little apple was raised by Thomas Andrew Knight, Esq., from the seed of the Orange Pippin impregnated with the Golden Pippin, about the year 1800. It, and the Yellow Ingestrie, were the produce of two pips taken from the same cell of an apple. The original trees are said to be still in existence at Wormsley Grange, in Herefordshire.
Red Kentish Pippin. See Kentish Pippin.
Fruit, nearly, if not quite, the largest cider apple cultivated in Herefordshire. It is rather broad and flattened, a little irregular at its base, which is hollow. Stalk, slender. Crown, sunk. Eye, deep, with a stout erect calyx. Skin, greenish yellow on the shaded side, with a deep rosy colour where exposed to the sun, and shaded with a darker red (Lindley).
The Red Must has at all periods been esteemed a good cider apple, though the ciders lately made with it, unmixed with other apples, have been light and thin, and I have never found the specific gravity of its expressed juice to exceed 1064 (Knight).
Fruit, small, two inches and an eighth wide, and the same in height; conical, sometimes long conical, with a waist near the apex, where it is puckered. Skin, smooth, lemon yellow, with a faint blush of red on the side exposed to the sun, the surface sparingly strewed with minute russet points. Eye, small, closed, with connivent segments, set in a shallow puckered basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, very deep, funnel-shaped. Stalk, half an inch long, slender, obliquely inserted, and curved, frequently with a swelling on one side of it. Flesh, greenish yellow, not very juicy, woolly, and sweet. Cells, very large, ovate, pointed; axile, closed.
A Herefordshire cider apple.
Red Quarrenden. See Devonshire Quarrenden. Red Queening. See Crimson Queening.
Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide, and two inches high; roundish, inclining to oblate, and sometimes to ovate, angular. Skin, almost entirely covered with dark crimson, except on the shaded side, where it is yellow, the surface sprinkled with russet dots. Eye, quite closed, with convergent segments. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, short and slender, inserted in a rather deep cavity. Flesh, white, tender, and pleasantly sub-acid. Cells, open, obovate, small; axile.
A favourite cider apple of Gloucestershire.