This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, about medium size, two inches and five-eighths wide, and two inches and a half high; conical, uneven in its outline, being ribbed on the sides somewhat in the way of Margil, and ridged round the eye. Skin, smooth and shining, as if varnished, almost entirely covered with deep bright crimson, which is streaked and mottled with darker crimson on the side next the sun, but where shaded it is yellowish, mottled with crimson. Eye, small and closed, with erect, pointed, connivent segments, set in a deep and plaited basin. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, very short, thick, and fleshy, set in a shallow depression. Flesh, tender, crisp, fine-grained, sweet, and with a pleasant sub-acid flavour. Cells, elliptical, pointed; axile, open.
Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a quarter wide, and an inch and three-quarters high; roundish, inclining to oval, with prominent ridges round the eye. Skin, pale yellow, marked with a few broken stripes and streaks of bright crimson on the side next the sun. Eye, closed, with pointed segments, overlapping each other, and rather deeply set in a round, angular, and plaited basin. Stamens, median or basal; tube, conical. Flesh, white, very soft and tender, very juicy, sugary, and with a pleasant, brisk, balsamic flavour. Cells, open, ovate or obovate.
An excellent apple either for culinary or dessert use; ripe in the end of July and beginning of August, and continuing during September. The tree is a free and vigorous grower, and an immense bearer.
This apple was raised in the beginning of this century by Mr. Morris, a market gardener at Brentford, and is sometimes met with under the name of Morris's Sack and Sugar.
Sack Apple. See Devonshire Quarrenden.
Fruit, large, three inches and a quarter wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; roundish, narrowing towards the eye, and angular on its sides. Skin, yellowish green, covered with large patches of ashy-coloured russet, and in dry warm seasons sometimes tinged with red.
Eye, open, set in a rather shallow and plaited basin. Stalk, an inch long, slender, inserted in a shallow cavity. Flesh, yellowish white, firm, juicy, sugary, and richly flavoured.
A dessert apple of first-rate quality; it is in use from December to March.
The tree is a strong and vigorous grower, and an excellent bearer.
Fruit, small, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; conical or roundish ovate, even and regular in its outline. Skin, beautifully streaked with crimson and yellow on the side next the sun, and less so on the shaded side, where it is yellow. Eye, closed, with connivent segments, set in a pretty deep, round, and somewhat plaited basin. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, about an inch long, slender, inserted in a deep cavity, which is tinged with green. Flesh, yellowish, tender, juicy, sweet, and of good flavour. It is tinged with rose at the base of the eye, round the core, and at the base of the stalk. Cells, ovate, pointed; axile, open.
A Herefordshire cider apple.
Sam's Crab. See Longville's Kernel.