This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters broad at the bulge, and the same in height; conical, and angular, with a very prominent rib on one side, forming a high ridge at the apex, and also a number of knobs round the eye, which are the continuations of the side angles. Skin, deep dull yellow, freckled with pale red on the shaded side, the remaining portion entirely covered with bright orange-red. Eye, small and closed, set in a deep and furrowed basin. Stalk, very short, inserted in a round and shallow cavity, which is lined with rough russet. Flesh, deep yellow, spongy, juicy, very sweet, so much so as to be sickly.
A Lancashire apple; in use in the end of August and September.
Fruit, large, three inches and a half wide, and three inches and a quarter high; roundish, ribbed on its sides, and undulating round the eye, where it is higher on one side than the other. Skin, uniform deep straw-colour, without any trace of russet or colour of any kind, but thinly sprinkled with small russet dots. Eye, large and closed, with erect, narrow, convergent segments, set in a deep angular basin. Stamens, basal; tube, conical. Stalk, deeply inserted. Flesh, soft, not very juicy. Cells, open, roundish elliptical or oval; abaxile.
A fine Devonshire cider apple. The tree is an abundant bearer, and the fruit suffers much from the attacks of birds, who are very fond of it.
This was sent me by Mr. Rendell, of Netherton Manor, near Newton Abbot.
Fruit, above medium size, two inches and three-quarters wide, and three inches high; conical or oblong. Skin, clear pale yellow, becoming nearly white when fully ripe. Eye, set in a rather deep and plaited basin. Stamens, median; tube, conical. Stalk, an inch long, inserted in a deep and regular cavity. Flesh, white, firm, crisp, juicy, brisk, and pleasantly flavoured. Cells, wide open, elliptical.
This is called Hutchings' Seedling, from being grown by a market gardener of that name at Kensington.
Fruit, above the middle size, above two inches and three-quarters in diameter, and two inches and a quarter deep; slightly angular on the sides. Eye, small, with a closed calyx, in a rather narrow basin, surrounded by some angular plaits. Stalk, short, slender, deeply inserted, not protruding beyond the base. Skin, dull yellowish green, tinged on the sunny side with pale dull brown. Flesh, greenish white, not crisp. Juice, sub-acid, with a pretty good flavour.
A culinary apple; in use in October and November. This is a useful Norfolk apple, and known in the markets by the above name. The trees are rather small growers, but great bearers (Lindley).
I have never seen the Summer Broad-End, and have therefore here introduced the description of Mr. Lindley, for the benefit of those under whose observation it may fall.
Summer Colman. See Summer Broad-End.