This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, large; conical, and distinctly four-sided, with four prominent angles, extending from the base to the apex, where they terminate in four corresponding ridges. Skin, deep sulphur yellow, tinged in some spots with green, and thinly strewed with brown russety dots. Eye, closed or open, with broad, erect, spreading segments, set in a deep and angular basin. Stamens, median; tube, conical. Stalk, an inch long, inserted in a deep, funnel-shaped cavity, and only just protruding beyond the base. Flesh, greenish white, very juicy, crisp, brisk, and perfumed. Cells, roundish obovate; abaxile.
The tree is an excellent bearer.
Transparent Apple. See White Astrachan.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two and a quarter high; roundish, with obtuse angles on the sides. Skin, smooth, bright grass-green, with a brownish tinge on the side next the sun. Eye, large and open, deeply set. Stalk, very short, deeply inserted. Flesh, yellowish, tender, juicy, and crisp.
A cooking apple of good quality; in use from November till January.
Fruit, large and ovate. Skin, smooth, clear yellow, tinged with pale crimson on the side exposed to the sun. Eye, small and closed, with short connivent segments, placed in a deep and angular basin. Stamens, basal; tube, conical. Stalk, very short, inserted in a deep, round, and wide cavity. Flesh, firm and solid, tender, almost transparent, juicy, sugary, and well-flavoured. Cells, ovate; abaxile.
A fine culinary apple; in use from September to November.
Fruit, large, two inches and three-quarters wide, and three inches high; oblong, irregularly shaped, angular on the sides, and prominently ribbed round the eye. Skin, pale green, with a tinge of yellow on the side exposed to the sun. Eye, small, closed, and set in a deep and angular basin, surrounded with four or five prominent knobs. Stalk, about five-eighths of an inch long, slender for the size of the fruit, and inserted in a deep irregular cavity, which is lined with rough cracked russet. Flesh, greenish white, crisp, very juicy, and sweet, with a brisk and pleasant sub-acid flavour.
A very excellent apple either for the dessert or culinary purposes, much esteemed in the orchards about Lancaster; it is in use from October to January.
Fruit, small, two inches and three-eighths wide, and one inch and five-eighths high; oblate, even and handsomely shaped. Skin, of a fine deep golden yellow, tinged and mottled with pale red, on the shaded side, but of a fine bright red, which extends over the greater part, where exposed to the sun. Eye, large and closed, with broad, flat, convergent segments, set in a wide and somewhat undulating basin. Stamens, basal; tube, short, funnel-shaped. Stalk, a quarter of an inch long, inserted in a wide and deep cavity, which is tinged with green, and lined with russet. Flesh, white, firm, and pleasantly flavoured. Cells, obovate; axile, slit.
A pretty dessert apple of second-rate quality; in use from September to Christmas.
Tudball Russet. See Wareham Russet.