This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, small, two inches and a half wide, by two inches high; roundish oblate, even and regular. Skin, smooth and shining, pale straw-colour, which is a little deeper when it is more exposed. Eye, small, set in a narrow, rather deep basin, open, with divergent segments. Stamens, basal; tube, short conical. Stalk, short, in a deep cavity, which is lined with rough russet, and which extends over the base. Flesh, yellowish, very tender, juicy, and pleasantly sub-acid. Cells, closed, roundish obovate; axile.
Fruit, small, two inches and a half wide, and the same high; roundish, and flattened, much resembling the old Nonpareil. Skin, greenish or yellowish green on the shaded side, and with a brownish red tinge on the side next the sun, the whole sprinkled with russet dots, and a thin coat of grey russet, especially round the eye. Eye, closed, with broad, flat, convergent segments, which are a little recurved at the tip, set in a rather deep basin, which is plaited and angular. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, half an inch to three-quarters long, slender, straight, and inserted in a deep wide cavity. Flesh, greenish, tender, crisp, very juicy, sweet, and with a rich flavour, but not so much so as in the old Nonpareil. Cells, ovate; axile, closed.
A dessert apple; in use from December till February.
Fruit, small, two inches wide, and an inch and a half high; round, with obtuse angles, which are sometimes rather prominent. Skin, perfectly white, or rather a very pale straw-colour, with only a few large russet dots distantly sprinkled over the surface; the hollow of the stalk is lined with russet, which extends a little way over the base. Eye, very small, with neat little convergent segments, set in a deep basin, which is plaited, or slightly ribbed.
Stamens, marginal; tube, deep conical or cylindrical. Stalk, long, very slender, deeply inserted. Flesh, snow-white, soft and spongy, with an astringent and sweet flavour. Cells, elliptical; axile. A pretty little Herefordshire cider apple.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and three inches high; oblong, broader at the base than the apex. Skin, smooth, thick, and tough, of a fine rich yellow, thinly and faintly freckled with red on the shaded side, but covered with broken streaks and dots of darker red, interspersed with dark brown russety dots, on the side exposed to the sun. Eye, open, with long, pointed, reflexed segments, set in a shallow basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, an inch long, fleshy at the insertion, and inserted in an even, round cavity, with a swelling on one side of it. Flesh, yellowish, tender, crisp, juicy, sugary, and pleasantly flavoured.
A second-rate, but beautiful and handsome dessert apple; in perfection the beginning of October, but towards the end of the month becomes dry and mealy. Cells, obovate; abaxile.
It is, I believe, a Scotch apple, and much grown in some districts, particularly in Clydesdale, where it is known by the name of Egg Apple, and where the fruit lasts longer than when grown in the warmer climate of the south.
The Lady's Finger of Dittrich, vol. i. p. 505, is a flat apple of a Calville shape, and must be incorrect.
White Pippin. See Norfolk Stone Pippin.