Winter Pearmain (Sussex Scarlet Pearmain; Duck's Bill)

Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide at the base, and the same high; conical, somewhat five-sided towards the crown, where it is considerably ribbed. Skin, smooth and shining, at first greenish yellow, with faint streaks of dull red on the shaded side, and entirely covered with deep red on the side next sun; but it changes by keeping to deep yellow, streaked with flesh-colour on the shaded side, and a beautiful clear deep red or crimson on the side next the sun; strewed all over with small russet dots. Eye, large, generally open, but sometimes closed, with short convergent segments, set in a pretty deep and prominently plaited basin. Stamens, median; tube, conical or funnel-shaped. Stalk, very short, not exceeding a quarter of an inch long, inserted in a deep, funnel-shaped cavity, which is lined with russet. Flesh, yellowish, firm, crisp, juicy, and sweet, with a brisk and very pleasant flavour. Cells, ovate; axile.

A very valuable and beautiful apple, suitable either for dessert or culinary use from December to the end of April. The tree attains about the middle size, is very hardy, and an excellent bearer.

This is a well-known Sussex variety, under the name of Duck's Bill, and is much grown upon the Weald. It is the Winter Pearmain and Winter Quoining of the London markets, and it is also grown in the Kentish orchards under these names.

Winter Pippin

Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide, and two inches high; roundish, depressed at the crown, obtusely ribbed, with ridges round the eye. Skin, bright red on the side exposed to the sun, and yellow, with a few pale broken streaks of red, on the shaded side; the surface dotted with russet. Eye, small and quite closed, set in an angular basin. Stamens, median; tube, small conical. Stalk, slender, about half an inch long, nearly imbedded in the russety cavity. Flesh, yellowish, firm, crisp, and agreeably flavoured. Cells, roundish obovate; axile, open.

This is at the present time considered one of the best six Gloucestershire cider apples.

Winter Pomeroy

Fruit, medium sized, three inches wide, and two inches and a half high; roundish or roundish ovate; distinctly live-sided, especially towards the apex, forming ridges, and rather flat at the base. Skin, smooth, deep yellow on the shaded side, strewed with bold russet dots, and with a bright red cheek on the side next the sun. Eye, open, with erect, convergent, and somewhat divergent segments, set in a moderately deep basin. Stamens, median; tube, short, funnel-shaped. Stalk, long and very slender, inserted in a deep narrow cavity, surrounded with a patch of pale brown russet. Flesh, yellowish, firm, crisp, and pleasantly sub-acid. Cells, elliptical; axile, open.

A useful cooking apple; in season from December till January.

Winter Quoining (Winter Queening)

Fruit, medium sized, two inches and quarter wide, and rather more than two inches and a half high; conical, distinctly five-sided, with five acute angles, extending the whole length of the fruit, and terminating at the crown in five equal and prominent crowns. Skin, pale green, almost entirely covered with red, which is striped and mottled with deeper red, and marked on the shaded side with a thin coat of russet. Eve, small and closed, with long pointed segments, set in a narrow and angular cavity. Stamens, median; tube, conical, inclining to funnel-shape. Stalk, short, or about half an inch long, and slender, deeply inserted in a narrow and angular cavity. Flesh, greenish yellow, tender, soft, not very juicy, sugary, rich, and perfumed. Cells, obovate; abaxile.

A good old English apple, suitable either for the dessert or culinary purposes; it is in use from November to May.

The Winter Quoining is a very old English apple. See Queening.

Winter Queening. See Winter Pearmain and Winter Quoining, Winter Red-streak. See Cambusnethan Pippin.