This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, small, roundish, of the shape of Golden Harvey, even and regular in its outline. Skin, yellowish, and covered with a thin coat of pale russet, with a blush of orange on one side. Eye, small and half open, set in a wide basin. Stalk, nearly an inch long, slender. Flesh, tender, very juicy, and very richly flavoured, with a fine aroma.
It was raised by Messrs. Bunyard & Son, nurserymen, Maidstone, and first fruited in 1868.
Fruit of the largest size, generally about three inches and a half wide, and from two and three-quarters to three inches high; roundish and angular on the sides. Skin, greenish yellow on the shaded side, and tinged with orange next the sun, covered all over with veins, or reticulations of russet. Eye, open, with erect convergent segments, set in a deep and uneven basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, short, inserted in a deep cavity. Flesh, yellowish white, crisp, juicy, sugary, and briskly flavoured. Cells, elliptical; abaxile.
This is one of the largest and best culinary apples. It comes into use in the beginning of November and continues till April.
The tree is a strong and vigorous grower, very hardy, and an abun dant bearer, but on strong soils that are not well drained it is apt to canker.
This variety was raised by a person of the name of Shepherd, at Uckfield, in Sussex, and has for many years been extensively cultivated in that county, under the names of Shepherd's Seedling and Shepherd's Pippin. Some years ago a Mr. Brooker, of Alfriston, near Hailsham, sent specimens of the fruit to the London Horticultural Society, and being unknown, it was called the Alfriston, a name by which it is now generally known. By some it is erroneously called the Baltimore and Newtown Pippin.
Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide, and an inch and three-quarters high; roundish oblate, even and symmetrical in its outline. Skin, entirely covered with brilliant crimson, which is streaked with darker crimson except a small patch on the shaded side, which is orange. Eye, small, half open, with erect convergent segments set in a shallow wide basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped, deep. Stalk, from half an inch to an inch long, slender, set in a round russety cavity. Flesh, yellowish, very tender, sweet, juicy, of good flavour, and with a pleasant perfume. Cells, obovate; axile, slit or closed.
A very beautiful apple for the dessert. It is not of the first quality, but is well worth growing for the fine appearance it has on the table. It would be a very attractive market apple. Ripe in September.
Fruit, rather below medium size, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches high; oblate, even and regular in its outline. Skin, greenish yellow, becoming clearer yellow as it ripens, and with a few faint streaks of red or a red cheek showing through the russet coat; sometimes it has a bright deep crimson cheek next the sun, which extends almost all over the shaded side, where it is paler, and also marked with a good deal of rough brown russet. Stamens, marginal; tube, conical. Eye, large and open, set in a wide and pretty deep round basin. Stalk, half an inch long, slender, set in a wide deep cavity. Flesh, yellowish, tender, sweet, crisp, juicy, and richly flavoured, with a fine bouquet. Cells, obovate; axile.
A very useful apple either for the dessert or kitchen use. It keeps well till May.
Althorp Pippin. See Marmalade Pippin.