This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish ovate, ribbed on the sides, and puckered at the eye. Skin, green, much mottled with dingy brown russet in lines and patches. Eye, small and closed, set in a puckered basin; segments, short. Stamens, marginal; tube, long, funnel-shaped. Stalk, long and slender, deeply inserted in an uneven cavity. Flesh, very tender and loose grained, mealy, and without flavour. Cells, ovate, wide open.
A worthless apple, ripe in October.
Burntisland Pippin. See Burntisland Spice.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish, flattened at the base, and narrowing towards the apex, sometimes inclining to conical. Skin, yellow, but with a blush and a few streaks of red next the sun, marked with a few patches of russet, and sprinkled with russety dots, which are thickest round the eye. Eye, large and open, set in a shallow and irregular basin. Stalk, short, thick, and fleshy, generally obliquely inserted by the side of a fleshy swelling, and surrounded with a patch of rough russet. Flesh, yellowish, tender, juicy, and sub-acid.
An excellent culinary apple, of the first quality; in use from October to Christmas.
This variety was raised by Mr. Henry Burn, gardener to the Marquis of Aylesbury, at Savernake Forest, near Marlborough.
Bur-Knot. See Oslin.
Fruit, large, three inches wide, and two inches and a half high; in shape not unlike Cox's Orange Pippin, but sometimes with prominent angles on the sides, which extend to the crown, round, and even in its outline. Skin, smooth and shining, of a clear lemon yellow colour, and with a blush of red on the side next the sun, and thickly strewed with a few russet dots. Eye, open, with, reflexed segments set in a narrow and plaited basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, deep conical. Stalk, half an inch long, inserted in a deep cavity. Flesh, yellowish white, tender, juicy, and of an agreeable acid flavour. Cells, roundish obovate; axile, open.
A good kitchen apple; in use during October and November.
The tree is a close and compact grower, and a profusion of burrs are produced on the branches which emit incipient roots. If a branch furnished with these burrs is inserted in the ground it will take root and become a tree. The name of "Bide's Walking-stick" originated from a person of that name having cut a branch for a walking-stick in Cheshire and brought it to his place near Hertford, when having inserted it in the ground, it took root and became a tree.
Butters. See Baldwin.
Fruit, below medium size; oblato-ovate, regularly and handsomely shaped. Skin, green, entirely covered with ashy grey russet, and strewed with greyish white freckles. Eye, small, and slightly closed, set in a round and even basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, an inch long, slender, inserted in a rather shallow and angular cavity. Flesh, greenish, firm, crisp, and juicy, with a brisk, sugary, and aromatic flavour. Cells, ovate; axile, slit.
A dessert apple of the first quality; in use from December to February.
Caldwell. See Rymer.