This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, rather below medium size; roundish and irregularly angular in its outline. Skin, with a clear bright red which completely covers the side next the sun, mixed here and there with a short broken streak of darker crimson; on the shaded side it is clear straw yellow. Eye, closed, inserted in a shallow and plaited basin. Stalk, very short, included in a deep smooth funnel-shaped cavity. Flesh, yellowish, crisp, sweet, and juicy.
Fruit, large; ovate, handsomely and regularly formed. Skin, clear yellow, tinged with greenish patches, and strewed with dark dots; on the side next the sun it is marked with a few faint streaks of crimson. Eye, large and open, like that of the Blenheim Pippin, and set in a wide and plaited basin. Stalk, short, deeply inserted in a round cavity, which is lined with rough russet. Flesh, yellowish, tender, crisp, sugary, and juicy, with a rich and excellent flavour.
A very valuable apple, either for the dessert or culinary purposes; it is in use from November to March. This variety has all the properties of the Blenheim Pippin, and is much superior to it, keeps longer, and has the great advantage of being an early and abundantbearer.
I met with this excellent apple in the neighbourhood of Sittingbourne, in Kent, about the year 1842. The account I received of it was, that the original tree grew in the garden of a cottager of the name of Pope, at Cellar Hill, in the parish of Linstead, near Sittingbourne. It was highly prized by its owner, to whom the crop afforded a little income, and many were the unsuccessful applications of his neighbours for grafts of what became generally known as Pope's Apple. The proprietor of Pope's cottage built a row of other dwellings adjoining, in the gardens of which there were no fruit trees, and, for the sake of uniformity, he cut down Pope's apple-tree, notwithstanding the offer of twenty shillings a year more rent to spare it. The tree, being condemned, was cut down in 1846, at which period it was between fifty and sixty years old. The name of Cobham was given to it by Kirke, the nurseryman at Brompton.
One of the oldest and best cider apples; in use from October to December. Although it is perhaps the most harsh and austere apple known, and generally considered only fit for cider, still it is one of the best for all culinary purposes, especially for baking, as it possesses a particularly rich flavour when cooked.
Fruit, medium sized; conical or ovate, and slightly angular on the sides. Skin, greenish yellow, changing as it ripens to deeper yellow, dotted with small grey dots, and covered all over the base with delicate pale brown russet. Eye, small, and slightly closed, set in an irregular and somewhat angular basin. Stamens, marginal or median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, an inch long, rather slender, obliquely inserted in a round and deep cavity, which is lined with russet. Flesh, yellowish, firm, tender, crisp, juicy, and sugary, with a pleasant aromatic flavour. Cells, elliptical; axile, open.
An excellent dessert apple, of the finest quality; in use from January to April.
This was raised in Sussex by a person of the name of Cockle, and it is extensively grown in this as well as the adjoining county of Surrey. It is mentioned by Forsyth, in a MS. memorandum book in my possession, as a Sussex apple.