This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, small, two inches high, and the same in width at the base; conical, even and regular in its outline, though it has sometimes one or two prominent angles on the side; it is wide at the base, and very narrow at the apex. Skin, greenish yellow on the shaded side, but on the side next the sun it has a thin red cheek, which is speckled with deep crimson; russety round the stalk, and sprinkled over the surface with minute dots. Eye, prominent, closed, and set in a narrow plaited basin; segments, broad and leaf-like, erect convergent, and with divergent tips. Stamens, median, but when the tube is very long they are marginal; tube, conical, sometimes very wide for the depth, and sometimes very deep. Stalk, from a quarter of an inch to an inch long, slender, and inserted in a close, deep, irregular cavity. Flesh, very tender, juicy, and rather of a bitter-sweet flavour. Cells, roundish obovate; axile.
Fruit, small, two inches and a half wide, and two and a quarter high; roundish, inclining to obtuse ovate, even in its outline. Skin, smooth and shining, streaked all over with bright crimson, on a golden yellow ground, and dotted with large russet dots, which are thickly sprinkled over the whole surface. Eye, set in a shallow, smooth, saucer-like basin, with convergent segments, the tips of which are divergent. Stamens, median; tube, short, funnel-shaped.
Stalk, sometimes a mere knob, or half an inch long, and slender, set in a wide, round, funnel-shaped cavity. Flesh, yellowish, rather dry, soft, and with a brisk, rough acidity. Cells, obovate; axile, closed.
A Herefordshire cider apple, which is a favourite in the midland districts of the county.
Fruit, small, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; roundish, inclining to ovate, even and regular in outline. Skin, lemon yellow, with a few streaks and mottles of crimson on the side exposed to the sun, and here and there some traces of russet. Bye, open, with broad divergent segments, set in a wide, plaited basin. Stamens, median; tube, conical. Stalk, short, and sometimes a fleshy swelling on one side of it, inserted in a shallow cavity. Flesh, firm and crisp, juicy and sweet Cells, obovate; axile, closed.
An excellent dessert apple; in use from October to December.
Copmanthorpe Crab. See Dutch Mignonne.
Fruit, small, two inches and an eighth wide, and two inches and five-eighths high; conical, with prominent ribs on the sides, terminating at the crown in sharp ridges, and in broad undulations at the base. Skin, almost entirely covered with blood crimson, streaked with darker crimson, and intermingled with yellow streaks of the ground colour; on the shaded side it is paler, and on the sun side it is sometimes shining as if varnished. Eye, with erect convergent segments, divergent at the points, set in a deep, narrow, furrowed basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, conical, sometimes approaching to funnel-shape. Stalk, half an inch to three-quarters long, deeply inserted in an undulating-shaped cavity. Flesh, tender, juicy, and sweet, with a rough flavour. Cells, roundish; abaxile.