This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, small, two inches and a half wide, and two and a quarter high; round, and sometimes oval, when it has a large fleshy swelling at the base; somewhat angular, and terminating in prominent ridges round the eye. Skin, rich yellow, almost covered with broken streaks of crimson, and with a crimson cheek where exposed to the sun; there is a little thin russet about the crown. Eye, small, and closed, with erect convergent segments set in a pretty deep angular and plaited basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, very short, with a large swelling on one side. Flesh, tender, juicy, sweet, and with a pleasant flavour. Cells, obovate; abaxile.
A very pretty dessert apple; in use in October.
Fruit, small, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and a quarter high; ovate or conical, with obtuse ribs on the sides, which extend to the eye and there form distinct ridges. Skin, smooth, shining, and almost entirely covered with deep bright crimson, which is darker on the side next the sun, but paler and streaked in the shade, where the yellow ground colour is exposed; the whole surface is sprinkled with rather large russet dots. Eye, small, set in a narrow basin, which is surrounded with ridges, the segments convergent and nearly erect. Stamens, basal; tube, short, conical. Stalk, short and slender, inserted in a rather deep, round, and narrow cavity. Flesh, tender, juicy, sweet, and of good flavour, pervaded with veins and stains of red. Cells, large and symmetrical, obovate; axile, open.
A dessert apple of Herefordshire; in use from January to March.
Fruit, small, about two inches wide, and one and a half high; oblate, even and regular in outline. Skin, streaked with yellow and red on the shaded side and round the base, but of a bright red over a great part, and where fully exposed to the sun of an intense, deep, purplish crimson; there are numerous short streaks, which mark the shady part of the fruit. Eye, small, with very short converging segments, the tips of which are divergent. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, over half an inch long, very stiff and straight. Flesh, dry, woolly, and acid. Cells, open, obovate; axile.
Specific gravity of its juice, 1071.
A cider apple which takes its name from the parish of Cowarne, near Broom-yard, in Herefordshire, where it was raised about the beginning of the last century.
Fruit, medium sized; roundish ovate, even and regular in its outline. Skin, greenish yellow, and streaked with red in the shade, l>ut dark red where exposed to the sun, and this extends over three-fourths of the whole surface. Over the coloured part are patches and traces of ash grey russet forming a smooth and firm crust. Eye, small and open, or closed, filled with stamens and with short erect segments, set in a somewhat shallow saucer-like basin, which is plaited and entirely lined with russet. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, half an inch long, somewhat fleshy, set in a moderately deep cavity, which has a slight swelling on one side, and is covered with russet extending over the base. Flesh, yellowish, very tender in the grain, crisp, juicy, and sweet, with a fine perfume and rich flavour. Cells, obovate; axile, slit.
This excellent variety was raised at Colnbrook Lawn, near Slough, Bucks, by a Mr. Cox, who was formerly a brewer at Bermondsey, and who retired to Colnbrook Lawn, where he devoted the remaining years of his life to gardening pursuits. The apple originated in 1830, and is said to have been from a pip of Ribston Pippin.