This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a half high; round, inclining to ovate, obtusely angular. Skin, smooth, dark green all over, but with a few broken streaks of crimson on the side next the sun; as it ripens it assumes a yellowish tinge. Eye, partially open, with erect convergent segments, which incline to divergent, set in a narrow and shallow saucer-like b;isin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, about three-quarters of an inch long, slender, inserted in a pretty deep cavity. Flesh, greenish, tender, crisp, very juicy, sweet, and with a fine aroma. Cells, obovate; axile, closed.
This is a valuable and very excellent apple, suitable either for dessert use or culinary purposes. It is in use from December to March. In a letter to Mr. Forsyth, Mr. Dredge says, "This is the best apple yet known; in eating from Easter till Midsummer - most excellent."
The tree is hardy, a vigorous grower, an early and abundant bearer, but according to Rogers, liable to be attacked by the woolly aphis; still, I have never found it more susceptible of that disease than most other varieties.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, and about the same in height; roundish inclining to ovate, with prominent ribs, which terminate in knobs round the eye; it is generally higher on one side of the eye than the other. Skin, when quite ripe, greenish yellow on the shaded side, but on the side next the sun it is entirely covered with brilliant crimson; the surface has patches of russet and large russet dots, like freckles. Eye, closed, with broad convergent segments, deeply set in an uneven basin. Stamens, median; tube, short, funnel-shaped. Stalk, long, stout, and curved, inserted in a deep cavity. Flesh, tender, juicy, sweet, and of good flavour. Cells, roundish obovate; axile.
A showy, long-keeping, handsome apple, which lasts will till March.
I am indebted to Mr George Bunyard, nurseryman, of Maidstone, for a knowledge of this old and useful apple.
There are several other varieties mentioned by Forsyth as seedlings of Dredge's which I have not met with, as Dredge's Russet and Dredge's Seedling. I had in my collection Dredge's Emperor and Lord Nelson, both of which are grown in the West of England, but 1 have not had an opportunity of seeing the fruit. It is however, a question whether these are really seedlings of Dredge's or not; there are several varieties to which he affixed his name which have been ascertained to be identical with others that existed before his time, such as Dredge's White Lily which is synonymous with Devonshire Buckland, and Dredge's Beauty of Wilts' which is the same as Harvey's Pippin.
Dredge's White Lily. See Devonshire Buckland. Due d'Arsell. See Nonpareil.
Fruit, rather below medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and an eighth high; roundish, bluntly-angular, and undulating round the crown. Skin, covered with brilliant red, which extends over the whole surface except where shaded, and there it is yellow; the base is covered with ramifications of russet. Eye, open, with short erect segments, which are reflexed at the tips, and set in a wide plaited basin. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, half an inch long, slender, inserted in a moderately deep cavity. Flesh, yellowish, tender, juicy, sweet, and highly flavoured; it is frequently stained with red, like the flesh of Sops-in-wine. Cells, open, roundish obovate; axile.
This was raised by Mr. Cree, a nurseryman at Addlestone, who named it in reference to the favour with which it was received by the Duchess of York.
Duchess of Gloucester. See Duchess's Favourite.