This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, large, three inches and a half wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; roundish ovate, being broad at the base and narrowing towards the crown; it is obtusely angular, and has broad ridges round the crown. Skin, bright green, which changes to yellow on the shaded side, but wherever exposed to the sun it is striped with crimson, forming a beautiful variation with the ground colour, and it is russety only over the base. Eye, small, with con-nivent segments, set in a pretty deep narrow and angular basin. Stamens, basal; tube, cup-shaped. Stalk, short and slender, set in a rather shallow cavity, which sometimes has a slight swelling on one side, and surrounded with rough brown russet. Flesh, crisp, very juicy, and with a brisk acidity Cells, obovate; abaxile.
Fruit, medium sized; roundish, narrowing towards the eye. Skin, entirely covered with deep red, which is streaked with deeper red, except on any small portion where it has been shaded, and there it is green, marked with broken streaks and mottles of red, the whole surface strewed with light grey russety dots. Eye, small and closed, very slightly depressed, and surrounded with plaits. Stalk, nearly an inch long, inserted in a deep and russety cavity. Flesh, greenish, tender, sweet, juicy, and without any predominance of acid.
An American dessert apple which is of no merit in this climate. It is in use from October to January.
Fruit, medium size, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish, evenly shaped. Skin, with a deep reddish orange cheek, mottled with thin grey russet on the side next the sun, and greenish yellow where shaded. Eye, closed, with broad, flat, convergent segments, set in a moderately deep basin, which is plaited and somewhat angular. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, a quarter of an inch long, set in a deep cavity. Flesh, yellowish, tender, and agreeably subacid. Cells, roundish obovate; axile.
A culinary apple, in use up till Christmas. It is much grown in the south of Shropshire and north of Worcestershire.
Fruit, below medium size; roundish, inclining to oblate, regularly and handsomely shaped. Skin, pale yellow, with a blush of red on the side which is exposed to the sun. Eye, small and closed, with short obtuse segments, set in a shallow and plaited basin. Stalk, very short, inserted in a shallow cavity. Flesh, firm.
Specific gravity of the juice from 1076 to 1081.
This is a fine old Gloucestershire cider apple, which is extensively cultivated on the thin limestone soils of the Forest of Dean. The cider that it produces is strong bodied, rich, and highly flavoured.
The tree produces numerous straight, luxuriant, upward shoots, like a pollard willow; it runs much to wood, and in deep soils attains a considerable size before it becomes fruitful.