This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; oblato-ovate, even and regularly formed. Skin, of an uniform deep yellow, covered all over with dark spots interspersed with fine russet, particularly round the apex. Eye, with long narrow segments, erect or renexed at the tips, partially open, and set in a wide and deep basin. Stamens, basal; tube, conical. Stalk, short and slender, about half an inch long, inserted in a round, narrow, and smooth cavity. Flesh, yellow, tender, and crisp, very juicy, vinous, and aromatic. Cells, obovate; axile, open.
The statement in the Transactions of the Horticultural Society that this is of American origin, and was introduced to this country by John Sudlow, Esq., of Thames Ditton, and first exhibited at the London Horticultural Society in 1819, must be a mistake. I have recently discovered among the Forsyth Mss. a list of the fruits he received when he was writing his Treatise on Fruit Trees, and there, under date of 1801, I find that he received the Franklin's Golden Pippin from Kirke of Brompton. I doubt if it is an American apple.
Fruit, below medium size, two inches and an eighth wide, and two inches and a half high; conical, uneven in its outline, narrowing from the middle both towards the stalk and the crown, and obscurely ribbed on the sides; it has a waist near the crown. Skin, quite smooth, pale straw colour, and sometimes with a faint tinge of blush next the sun. Eye, closed, with erect segments set on the surface of the narrow apex in a plaited, slight depression. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped, deep, and very narrow. Stalk, small and short, set in a narrow and very shallow cavity. Flesh, white, tender, juicy, and brisk, without much or any flavour. Cells, open, elliptical.
French Crab. See Winter Greening.
French Paradise. See Paradise.
Fruit, of good size; somewhat conical, being broad at the base, and narrow at the crown. Skin, dark grass-green on the shaded side, and dark muddy livid red where exposed to the sun. Eye, sunk, and surrounded by four or five obtuse but prominent ridges. Stalk, short and stiff, notwithstanding which the fruit is generally pendant.
Specific gravity of its juice, 1073.
This is a cider apple cultivated in the north-west parts of Herefordshire, where the climate is cold and the soil unfavourable, and where proper attention is never paid by the farmer to the management of his cider, which in consequence is generally fit only for the ordinary purposes of a farm-house (Knight).
The trees are vigorous and productive.
Mr. Knight says, "The Friar probably derived its name from some imagined resemblance between its colour and that of the countenance of a well-fed ecclesiastic."
Frith Pitcher. See Manks Codlin.