This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, large, two inches and three-quarters wide, and three inches and a quarter high; conical, even in outline, with a slight waist towards the apex, and ribbed round the eye. Skin, smooth and shining, pale straw-coloured where it is shaded, but of a thin golden colour, tinged with pale orange, where exposed to the sun. Eye, rather deeply sunk in a deep and angular basin, with divergent segments, which are sometimes quite reflexed. Stamens, basal; tube, conical. Stalk, half an inch long, slender, set in a deep and somewhat uneven cavity. Flesh, tender, with an agreeable acidity. Cells, elliptical; abaxile.
A fine solid-fleshed apple; in use up to December. It is an excellent cooking apple, and I am told it is used in Gloucestershire for cider under the name of Tom Matthews.
Golden Vining. See Hubbard's Pearmain.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and two and a quarter high; abrupt Pearmain-shaped, broadest at the base. Skin, smooth, of a deep, rich, golden yellow, which is paler on the shaded side than on that exposed to the sun, where it is of a deep orange, marked with streaks and mottles of crimson, and strewed with russety dots. Eye, large and open, with long and reflexed segments, and placed in a round, even, and rather deep basin. Stamens, basal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, stout, and inserted in a rather shallow cavity, which is lined with thin pale brown russet mixed with a tinge of green. Flesh, yellowish white, firm, breaking, juicy, and sweet, with a pleasant and somewhat aromatic flavour. Cells, obovate; axile, slit.
A beautiful and very handsome apple of first-rate quality, and suitable either for the dessert or for culinary purposes; it is in use from the end of October to January.
The tree is a strong and vigorous grower, a most abundant bearer, and attains a considerable size. It is perfectly hardy, and will grow in almost any situation.
Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a half wide, and about the same in height; somewhat conical, irregularly ribbed both at the eye and the stalk. Skin, smooth, of a deep lemon-yellow colour, mixed with shaded patches of lively green on the shaded side, and with an orange cheek, marked with broken stripes of crimson, on the side next the sun. Eye, rather large and open, with short, ragged, and imperfect segments, set in a moderately deep and plaited depression. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, very short, inserted in a rather deep irregular cavity. Flesh, white, tender, and juicy, rather too sweet. Cells, obovate; axile.
A summer apple, ripe in the beginning of September; not good enough for the dessert, and not sufficiently acid for culinary purposes.
Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a quarter wide, and two inches and a half high; conical, even in its outline, and obtusely angular, terminating in a narrow ribbed apex. Skin, smooth, grass-green, except where the fruit is quite exposed, and then it has a thin brownish red cheek, which is mottled with darker red. Eye, small and closed, with erect segments, which form a cone, set in a rather deep, narrow, and ribbed basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, conical. Stalk, short and slender, rather deeply inserted in a close, narrow cavity. Flesh, greenish, tender, and rather soft, with a mild acidity and sweetish flavour. Cells, obovate; axile, closed.
A Herefordshire cooking apple; in use till Christmas.