This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, above medium size; roundish, with obtuse ribs on the sides, which extend to the crown, where they form ridges. Skin, deep lively green, with a tinge of brownish red next the sun. Eye, open, not deeply sunk. Stamens, median; funnel-shaped. Stalk, short. Flesh, greenish white, very tender, juicy, and with a fine agreeable and subdued acidity. Cells, obovate; axile, slit.
An excellent apple, and a very valuable one to the orchardist, on account of its long-keeping property. It is extensively cultivated in Kent and Sussex, and especially about Faversham and Sittingbourne, for the supply of the London markets.
Fruit, large, three inches wide, and two inches and a half high; roundish and flattened, even in its outline, and flat at the base. Skin, green on the shaded side, but with a blush on the side next the sun, which is much mottled and streaked with crimson, the mottles extending to the shaded side, where they become fainter; the base is covered entirely with thin greenish grey russet, which ramifies up the sides, and frequently almost quite overspreads the fruit. Eye, closed, with convergent segments. Stamens, median; tube, short, conical. Stalk, very short, inserted the whole of its length in a narrow cavity, and frequently with a fleshy swelling on one side of it. Flesh, greenish yellow, firm, crisp, and juicy, with a fine brisk flavour. Cells, obovate; abaxile.
A valuable late kitchen apple; in use up till February. It is much grown in the Kentish orchards about Maidstone.
Grand Bohemian Borsdorfer. See Borsdorfer.
This is of the largest size, of a roundish shape, somewhat flattened, and obtusely angular on the sides, the angles extending to the apex, where they become more prominent, and form five prominent ridges round the basin of the eye. Skin, clear bright yellow, almost entirely covered with streaks of dark rich crimson on the side exposed to the sun, and on the shaded side much more of the rich yellow ground colour is exposed by reason of the fewer and less bright markings of crimson. Eye, half open, and placed in a deep, irregular, and angular basin, which is surrounded by the five knobs or prominences above alluded to. The stalk is short, stout, and deeply inserted in the uneven and angular cavity, caused by the ribs extending there. Flesh, white, tender, juicy, sweet, slightly sub-acid, and with the fine balsamic aroma which is met with in the flesh of Cellini.
This admirable early apple is of Russian origin, but I met with it in the collection of my friend, Rev. W. Kingsley, of South Kilvington, who is, I believe, the first person who fruited it in this country. In the latitude of Thirsk the fruit ripens in the beginning of November; but in the south it is probable that it will come earlier - in all probability in the end of September. It does not keep long, as it soon becomes mealy.