Grange's Pearmain (Grange's Pippin)

Fruit, large, three inches wide, and the same in height; Pearmain-shaped, as large and very much the shape of the Royal Pearmain. Skin, yellow, with a tinge of green, and studded with imbedded pearly specks, on some of which are minute russety points, on the shaded side, but marked with broken stripes and spots of crimson, interspersed with large russety dots, on the side exposed to the sun. Eye, partially closed, with broad, flat segments, set in a round, deep, and plaited basin. Stamens, median; tube, conical. Stalk, half an inch long, stout, and rather fleshy, inserted in a deep and russety cavity. Flesh, yellowish white, crisp, tender, juicy, and sweet, with a brisk and pleasant flavour. Cells, obovate; axile, open.

A fine large apple of first-rate quality as a culinary fruit, and also very good for dessert. It bakes well, and has a fine pleasant acidity. In use from November to February. The tree is hardy and an excellent bearer.

Raised by Mr. James Grange, a market gardener, at Kingsland, Middlesex. His garden extended over sixty acres. He was also a fruiterer in Covent Garden and Piccadilly; the former establishment still exists in the name of Webber, and the latter retains the name of the founder. Mr. Grange died 15th February, 1829, aged 70.

Grange's Pippin. See Orange's Pearmain.

Granny Giffard

Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and the same high; conical, even in outline, except towards the crown, where it is ribbed and knobbed. Skin, pale greenish yellow, with broken streaks of pale crimson, except where much shaded. Eye, quite closed, with erect segments, which are spreading at the tips, set in a ribbed and plaited basin. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, slender, and inserted in a rather deep cavity. Flesh, yellowish, tender, very juicy, sweet, and with an excellent flavour. Cells, symmetrical, ovate; axile, open.

An excellent dessert or kitchen apple; in use from November till February.

The first time I saw this was at a meeting of the British Pomological Society, October 15th, 1858, when it was exhibited by Mr. Swiuerd, gardener to John Swinford, Esq., of Minster, near Margate.

Gravenstein

Fruit, above the medium size, three inches wide, and two and three-quarters high; roundish, irregular, and angular on the sides, the ribs of which extend from the base, even to the eye. Skin, smooth, clear pale waxen yellow, streaked and dotted with lively crimson, intermixed with orange, on the side next the sun. Eye, large and open, with long segments, which are a little reflexed, and set in an irregular, angular, and knobbed basin, which is sometimes lined with fine delicate russet, and dotted round the margin with minute russety dots. Stamens, basal; tube, conical or funnel-shaped. Stalk, very short, but sometimes three-quarters of an inch long, set in a deep and angular cavity. Flesh, white, crisp, very juicy, with a rich, vinous, and powerful aromatic flavour; and if held up betweenn the eye and the light, with the hand placed on the margin of the basin of the eye, it exhibits a transparency like porcelain. Cells, elliptical or round : abaxile.

This is a very valuable apple of the first quality, and is equally desirable either for the dessert or culinary purposes; it is in use from October to December. The tree is hardy, a vigorous and healthy grower', and generally a good bearer. It has somewhat of a pyramidal habit of growth, and attains a considerable size.

Though not of recent introduction, this beautiful and excellent apple is comparatively but little known, otherwise it would be more generally cultivated. It is one of the favourite apples of Germany, particularly about Hamburgh, and in Holstein, where it is said to have originated in the garden of the Duke of Augustenberg, at the Castle of Grafenstein. The original tree is said to have been in existence about the middle of the last century.