This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, large, four inches wide, and three inches high; roundish ovate, prominently and obtusely ribbed, the ribs terminating at the crown in bold ridges. Skin, uniform yellowish green colour, without any trace of red or russet, but with a deeper tinge of yellow on the side next the sun. Eye, closed, with connivent segments, set in a deep, ribbed, and strongly plaited basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, conical. Stalk, short, deeply set in an uneven cavity, surmounted with an irregular patch of coarse, rough russet. Flesh, firm, crisp, very juicy, and pleasantly acid, and a fine perfume, which is peculiar. Cells, elliptical; abaxile; wide open.
A large and handsome kitchen apple; in use during September and October.
Fruit, about medium size, two inches and a quarter wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; conical, angular, and terminating at the apex in several unequal ridges, distinctly ribbed. Skin, greenish yellow, covered with patches of dark brown russet on the shaded side, and pale red when exposed to the sun; the whole covered with whitish grey dots. Eye, closed, with long erect segments, and set in a rather deep basin. Stamens, median; tube, conical or funnel-shaped. Stalk, about half an inch long, angular and plaited, short and stout, inserted in a pretty deep cavity. Flesh, yellowish, firm, tender, very juicy, and of a rich, vinous, sweet, and aromatic flavour. Cells, elliptical; abaxile.
An excellent apple of first-rate quality, desirable either for the dessert or for culinary purposes; it is in use from November to January.
A favourite apple in Scotland, where it ranks as one of the best dessert fruits. It derives its name from Lethington (now called Lennoxlove), pronounced Leading-ton, the ancient seat of the Maitlands of Lauderdale, in East Lothian. The Grey Leadington of Lindley (Guide to the Orchard) is quite another fruit, and is probably the Stoup Leadington.
Fruit, small, two inches wide, and the same high; roundish and flattened, even in its outline. Skin, greenish yellow, with a few broken streaks of pale crimson on the exposed side. Eye, open, with erect convergent segments, which are spreading at the tips, and set in a shallow, narrow, plaited basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, conical. Stalk, an inch and a half or more in length, inserted in a narrow shallow cavity. Flesh, greenish white, tender, sweet, and agreeably sub-acid, but not richly flavoured. Cells, roundish oblate, pointed; axile, slit.
A second-rate dessert apple; in use from November till January.
This is a German apple.
Fruit, small, two inches and an eighth wide, and an inch and three-quarters high; roundish, even, and regularly formed. Skin, entirely covered with cinnamon-coloured russet, so that the greenish yellow ground is rarely seen even on the shaded side; on the side next the sun it has a brownish red tinge. Eye, open, with reflexed segments, set in a shallow, even basin. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, half an inch long, slender, deeply inserted in a round cavity. Flesh, greenish yellow, crisp, very juicy, sweet, and with a fine aromatic flavour. Cells, roundish; axile, closed.
A fine dessert apple; in use during February and March. This is highly deserving of an extensive cultivation.