This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide, and two inches high; roundish oblate, and even in its outline. Skin, almost entirely of a dark chestnut colour, veined and dotted all over with cinnamon-coloured russet, but especially round the crown and surrounding the stalk, whence it branches out over the base; on the shaded side it is orange with a greenish tinge. Eye, rather large, set in a moderately deep basin, closed, with convergent segments, which are sometimes also erect connivent. Stamens, basal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, stout and straight, set in a round cavity, surroonded with russet. Flesh, yellowish, very firm and solid, crisp, very juicy, and with a brisk, sharp, but not harsh acidity. Cells, obovate; axile, closed.
This is a very line and very heavy apple for its size ; excellent for kitchen use. and lasting till January.
I first met with this at Hereford, at one of the penological meetings of the Woolhope Club, where it was exhibited without a nemo. Struck with its remarkable resemblance to the Norfolk Beefing, end baring tested its excellence for cooking, 1 reooaunended the club to designate it Herefordshire Beefing. When subsequently turning over some papers and memoranda. of W. Forsyth, author of a Treatuse on Fruit Tress, I found that, in 1799, he meotions a Herefordshire Beefing which was sent him by "Mr. stroud, from Dorsetshire, and of which he says, "It is about the size of a Nonpareil. It if a flat-shaped apple, of a brownish red, with some yellow on the side from the sun." 1 had therefore been anticipated in the name I proposed to the club, as the two apples are no doubt identical.
Fruit, largo, three inches and a half wide at the base, and four inches high; conical, larger on one sids of the axis than the other; towards the apex there is a waist, from which it, narrows abruptly to the eye, where it is much ridged; it has prominent ribs and an undulating outline. Skin. tine deep yellow on the shaded side, and bright red on the side exposed to the sun, where it is streaked with red and orange. Eye, small, set in a deep narrow basin, with erect convergent segments, half open, Stamens, median; tube, long, funnel-shaped stalk, about half an inch long, stout, inserted in very deep and prominently ribbed cavity, sometimes with a swelling on one side of it, which presses it in an oblique direction. Flesh, white, very tender, with a mild sub-acid flavour. Cells, long and narrow, pointed, ovate; axile, open.
A very handsome apple, much esteemed for roasting, and especially for baking; in use from November till January.
. The fruit of this fine apple was sent to me by Dr. Bull, of Hereford, who received it from Mr. Arthur Armitage, of Dsdnor, near Ross, who, in a letter to Dr. Bull. says, "I believe the orchard bet*, in which the tree grows, was planted by the late- Dr. Brans, of Ross, who held this farun in his own hands for many years; and it so, the tin would he about 50 years old. It is not a large one, and bus generally been a shy bearer.
Herefordshire Golden Pippin. See Golden Pippin.