This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, very large, three and a half inches wide, and three inches high; roundish, irregular, and slightly ribbed, with ridges at the eye. Skin, smooth, yellowish green in the shade, and pale yellow, with a reddish brown blush, which is streaked with broken stripes of deeper red, on the side next the sun. Eye, large, closed, set in a wide and irregular basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, conical. Flesh, tender and juicy, with a brisk and pleasant flavour. Cells, wide open, obovate; abaxile.
The tree is a strong and vigorous grower, attaining a large size, and is an abundant bearer.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three quarters broad, and two inches and a half high; conical and slightly angular. Skin, pale yellow, with brownish red next the sun, studded with specks, which are greenish on the shaded side, but yellowish next the sun. Eye, small, and partially open, set in a wide, shallow, and plaited basin. Stamens, mediau; tube, conical. Stalk, very short and fleshy, almost imbedded in a deep and wide cavity, which is smooth or rarely marked with russet. Flesh, yellowish white, delicate, very juicy, with a sweet and briskly acid flavour. Cells, ovate; axile, slit.
A culinary apple of first-rate quality; in use from October to January.
The tree attains a pretty good size, is hardy, vigorous, and a good bearer.
A very old and favourite apple, first mentioned by Ray, and enumerated in the list of Leonard Meager as one of the varieties then cultivated in the London nursserics in 1670. Mortimer made great lamentation on the supposed degeneration of the Kentish Pippin, which I have quoted in treating of the Golden Pippin.
Fruit, below medium size, two inches wide, and nearly two inches and a quarter high; oval, sometimes roundish oval. Skin, smooth and shining, greenish yellow at first, but changing as it ripens to a fine clear pale yellow colour, tinged and streaked with red, on the side next the sun; but sometimes, when fully exposed, one-half of the surface is covered with bright shining crimson, streaked with deeper crimson; it is marked on the shaded side with some traces of delicate russet. Eye, small and closed, with broad, erect, convergent or connivent segments, set in a shallow basin, which is generally surrounded with five prominent plaits. Stamens, marginal; tube, conical. Stalk, slender, three-quarters of an inch long, obliquely inserted in a small cavity, by the side of a fleshy protuberance. Flesh, yellowish white, firm, crisp, and very juicy, with a rich, sugary, brisk, and aromatic flavour. Cells, roundish obovate; axile, closed or slit.
An early dessert apple of the highest excellence; it is in use during September and October. The tree is a free grower, hardy, and a good bearer, attaining about the middle size. It is well adapted for grafting on the paradise stock, and being grown either as a dwarf or espalier.
This was introduced chiefly through the instrumentality of Mr. Robertson, the nurseryman of Kilkenny, in Ireland, who died there August 27, 1839, much respected.