Keswick Codlin

Fruit, above medium size, two inches and three-quarters wide, and the same in height; conical, angular in its outline, the angles on its sides running to the crown, where they form rather acute ridges round the eye. Skin, rather pale yellow on the shaded side, but deeper yellow with an orange or blush tinge on the side next the sun. Eye, closed, with long, narrow, connivent segments, and set in a pretty deep and rather puckered basin. Stamens, median; tube, conical. Stalk, about a quarter of an inch long, downy, inserted in a deep cavity, which is marked with russet. Flesh, pale yellowish white, very juicy, tender, and soft, with a brisk and pleasant flavour, but becomes mealy after being kept for a month. Cells, ovate lanceolate; abaxile.

One of the earliest and most valuable of our culinary apples. It may be used for tarts so early as the end of June; but it is in perfection during August and September.

The tree is healthy, vigorous, and an immense bearer, attaining to the middle size. It succeeds well in almost every soil and situation, and, when grown on the paradise stock, is well suited for espalier training.

This excellent apple was first discovered growing among a quantity of rubbish behind a wall at Gleaston Castle, near Ulverstone, and was first brought into notice by one John Sander, a nurseryman at Keswick, who, having propagated it, sent it out under the name of Keswick Codlin.

In the Memoirs of the Caledonian Horticultural Society, 1813, Sir John Sinclair says : "The Keswick Codlin tree has never failed to bear a crop since it was planted in the episcopal garden at Rose Castle, Carlisle, twenty years ago. It is an apple of fine tartness and flavour, and may be used early in autumn. The tree is a very copious bearer, and the fruit is of good size, considerably larger than the Carlisle Codlin. It flourishes best in a strong soil."

Kilkenny Pearmain

Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a half wide, and the same in height; roundish, inclining to conical. Skin, yellow, sprinkled with russety dots, and sometimes covered with slight reticulations of russet; tinged with orange and a few streaks of red on the side exposed to the sun. Eye, small, and rather open, set in a narrow basin. Stalk, short, inserted in a shallow cavity, and surrounded with a large patch of russet. Flesh, yellowish, crisp, tender, juicy, and sweet, but of dry texture, and lacking acidity.

A dessert apple of no great merit; in use from October to Christmas.

King. See Borsdorfer,

King Apple. See Warner's King.

King Charles' Pearmain

Fruit, medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; bluntly conical, even and regular in its outline. Skin, entirely covered with thin pale brown russet, which does not entirely obscure the deep yellow ground colour; on the side next the sun it has a tinge of rather bright red. Eye, open, with flat convergent segments, set in a pretty deep undulating basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, very short, deeply imbedded in the cavity. Flesh, firm, crisp, juicy, sweet, and with a rich flavour. Cells, obovate; axile, open.

A dessert apple of good quality; in use from November till March.

This was sent me by Messrs. Richard Smith & Co., Nurserymen, Worcester, in March, 1876.

King George. See Borsdorfer.