Acklam Russet (Aclemy Russet)

Fruit, below the medium size, two inches and a quarter wide, and two inches high; round and somewhat flattened, and bluntly angular. Skin, pale yellow tinged with green, and covered with thin grey russet, particularly on the side exposed to the sun, and sometimes it is quite covered with russet, so much so that only small spots of the ground is visible. Eye, small and closed, with flat convergent segments, set in a smooth, round, and shallow basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, short, conical. Stalk, short, inserted in a moderately deep cavity. Flesh, white with a greenish tinge, firm, crisp, juicy, and highly flavoured. Cells, ovate; axile, slit.

A dessert apple of first-rate quality; ripe in November, and will keep under favourable circumstances till March. The tree is very hardy, and an excellent bearer. It succeeds best in a dry soil, and is well adapted for espalier training.

This variety originated at the village of Acklam, in Yorkshire.

Ackland Vale. See Orange Goff. Aclemy Russet. See Acklam Russet.

Adams's Pearmain (Hanging Pearmain; Norfolk Pippin)

Fruit, large, varying from two inches and a half to three inches high, and about the same in breadth at the widest part; pearmain-shaped, very even, and regularly formed. Skin, pale yellow, tinged with green, and covered with delicate russet on the shaded side; but deep yellow tinged with red, and delicately streaked with livelier red, on the side next the sun. Eye, small and open, with acute erect divergent segments, set in a narrow, round, and plaited basin. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped, sometimes conical. Stalk, varying from half an inch to an inch long, obliquely inserted in a shallow cavity, and generally with a fleshy protuberance on one side of it. Flesh, yellowish, crisp, juicy, rich, and sugary, with an agreeable and pleasantly perfumed flavour. Cells, obovate; abaxile.

A dessert apple of first-rate quality; in use from December to February. It is a very handsome variety, and worthy of general cultivation. The tree is a free and healthy grower, producing long slender shoots, by which, and its spoon-shaped ovate leaves, it is easily distinguished. It is an excellent bearer, even in a young state, particularly on the paradise or doucin stock, and succeeds well as an espalier.

I have endeavoured unsuccessfully to discover the origin of this valuable apple. The name of Adams is that of a gentleman who, about the year 1826, gave scions of it to the Horticultural Society of London under the name of Norfolk Pippin, because he had received them from Norfolk. No evidence can be found of its having at any time been considered a Norfolk apple; and it was not till I attended the first Pomological Meeting of the Woolhopc Club at Hereford that I obtained a clue as to its history. I there found it exhibited in almost every collection as the Hanging Pearmain, and so widely is it grown in the county, there cannot be any doubt that it is originally a Herefordshire apple. It is also called Lady's Finger in the county, but as there is also a cider Lady's Finger, the synonyme should be suppressed.

Ęsopus Spitzenberg. See Esopus Spitzenberg. Alexander. See Emperor Alexander.