Bigarreau De Hildesheim (Hildesheimer ganz späte Knorpelkirsche; Hildesheimer spate Herzkirsche; Bigarreau Blanc tardif de Hildesheim; Bigarreau marbré de Hildesheim)

Fruit, medium-sized, heart-shaped, flattened on one side, which is marked with a shallow suture, but convex on the other. Skin, shining, pale yellow, marbled with red on the shaded side, but of a fine dark red on the side exposed to the sun. Stalk, two inches long, somewhat curved, and set in a shallow cavity. Flesh, yellow, very firm, but not particularly juicy, and when well ripened of an excellent sweet flavour. The stone is large, long, and compressed, but scarcely marked with a furrow.

This is a valuable cherry on account of its late ripening, which under ordinary circumstances is the end of August and beginning of September, but if grown in a shaded situation it is not ready till October, and will hang on the tree till November. The tree is a strong and vigorous grower, producing long, straight, and thick shoots, and very large oblong leaves. It is a regular and generally an abundant bearer.

This is of German origin, and is supposed to have originated in the neighbourhood of Hildesheim, where it was first brought into notice by Superintendent Claudens, who communicated it to the Rev. J. C. Christ, and by whom it was first brought into notice.

Bigarreau De Hollande (Dutch Bigarreau; Spotted Bigarreau; Armstrong's Bigarreau; Holländische Grosse; Princesse de Hol-lande; Groote Princesse)

Fruit, produced in clusters, of the largest size, regularly and handsomely heart-shaped, slightly compressed on one side and marked with a very shallow suture on the other. Skin, adhering closely to the pulp, pale yellow on the shaded side, but of a beautiful light red, marbled with fine bright carmine, on the side exposed to the sun. Stalk, an inch and a half long, stout, inserted in a shallow cavity a little on one side of the fruit. Flesh, pale yellowish white, juicy, sweet, and when well ripened of an exquisite piquant flavour. Stone, small for the size of the fruit, heart- shaped.

An excellent cherry when well ripened; ripe the beginning of July. The tree is an early and very abundant bearer, producing very heavy crops, a strong and vigorous grower, growing with spreading or rather drooping branches.

Bigarreau de Ludwig. See Ludwig's Bigarreau. Bigarreau de Lyons. See Early Jaboulay. Bigarreau de Mai. See Kallmann's May.

Bigarreau De Mezel (Bigarreau Monstrueux de Mezel; Monströse Marmorkirsche)

Fruit, very large, three-quarters to over an inch high and the same in width; obtuse, heart-shaped, and flattened on both sides, one of which is marked with a slight suture, extending over the apex, where there is a slight nipple. Skin, very shiny, thick, and adhering to the flesh, of a pale rose striped with red at first, but changing to dark brown streaked with dark purple when fully ripe. Stalk, two inches and a half long, slender, set in a wide round cavity. Flesh, red, veined with pale rose, firm, juicy, and richly flavoured.

A very large and handsome cherry, of excellent quality; ripe in July.

It was found at Mezel, near Clermont Ferrand, in the department of Puy de Dome, by M. Ligier de la Prade, prior to 1846, when it was first brought into notice, but it had existed in a vineyard at that place for thirty years before, and might have remained till this day without becoming known beyond the district had not a Horticultural Society been instituted which published an account of it in their bulletin, and distributed grafts. It is stated by the committee who first investigated it that 110 fruits weighed over two pounds.

Some confusion exists between this and Bigarreau Gros Coeuret, which is a synonym of Belle de Rocmont, and in a third edition of this work I assisted in adding to it by making them synonymous.

Bigarreau des Vignes. See Bigarreau Esperen.