Lady Downe's

Bunches, shouldered, from eight to ten inches long, and rather loose. Berries, above medium size, roundish oval. Skin, rather thick, tough, and membranous, reddish purple at first, but becoming quite black when fully coloured, and covered with a delicate bloom. Flesh, dull opaline white, very firm, sweet, and richly flavoured, with a faint trace of Muscat flavour, but not so, much as to include it among Muscats. Seeds, generally in pairs.

This is a very valuable grape, and may be ripened with the heat of an ordinary vinery. It forces well, and will hang till the month of March without shrivelling or discolouration of either berries or stalks. The vine is a vigorous grower and an abundant bearer, seldom producing less than three bunches on each shoot. I have seen bunches of this grape ripened in August, hang till March, and preserve all their freshness, even at that late season, when the berries were plump and delicious.

Grafted on the Black Hamburgh the berries are much increased in size, but the flavour is not improved. On Gros Guillaume it does not succeed so well, but the flavour is improved, and the fruit does not hang so long as when on its own roots. The leaves die bright yellow.

Raised by Mr. Foster, gardener to Lord Downe, at Beningborough Hall, York, from Black Morocco, crossed with Sweetwater, about the year 1835. It was from the same pot of seedlings as Foster's White Seedling was obtained.

Large Black Ferral. See Ferral. Lashmar's Seedling. See St. John's. Lebanon Seedling. See Catawba. Le Coeur. See Morocco.

Lieryal's Frontignan (Muscat Licrval)

Bunches, quite small, cylindrical, and well set. Berries, small, round, covered with a thick bloom. Skin, tender, quite black. Flesh, tender and sweet, with a slight Muscat flavour. Seeds, very large for the size of the berry.

A very early grape, but much too small for general cultivation.

Lombardy (Flame-coloured Tokay; Bed Rhenish; Bed Taurida; Wantage)

Bunches, very large, shouldered, closely set, and handsome; sometimes weighing from six to seven pounds. Berries, large and round, inclining to oval. Skin, pale red or flame-coloured. Flesh, firm, sweet, and well-flavoured, but only second-rate.

This requires a high temperature to ripen it. The vine is a very strong grower, and requires a great deal of room, but it is a good bearer. The only recommendation to this variety is the great size of the bunches and beauty of the fruit.

Longford's Incomparable. See Black Prince. Long Noir d'Espagne. See Trentham Black. Luglienga Bianca. See Golden Hamburgh. Macready's Early White. See St. John's.

Madeira Frontignan (Muscat Noir de Madere; Muscat Rouge de Madere)

Bunches, of medium size, rather compact. Berries, above medium size, round. Skin, reddish purple. Flesh, very juicy and rich, with a high Muscat flavour.

This is an excellent grape, and ripens well in a cool vinery at the same season as the Black Hamburgh.

De la Madeleine. See Black July.

Madeleine Blanche de Malingre. See Early Malingre.

Madeleine Musquée de Courtiller. See Early Saumur Frontignan.

Madeleine Noir. See Black July.